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New Germantown 

Until 1763 Toboyne Township was a part of Tyrone Township, when in accordance with a petition of residents to the court of Cumberland County, it was created a separate township.  The action of the court was not very specific in designating boundary lines, as this order would indicate:  "Upon application of some of the inhabitants of Tyrone Township to this court, setting forth that said township is too large, it is adjudged by the said court that Alexander Roddy's mill run be the line, and the name of the upper, Toboyne, Alexander Logan being in Toboyne Township."  Accordingly, Toboyne became the second township in what is now Perry County.  Its area was reduced by the formation of Madison, in 1836, and of Jackson, in 1844, yet it remains one of the largest in the county, its area being about seventy-five square miles.  Located at the extreme west end of the county, it reaches from Juniata County, on the north, to Cumberland County, on the south.  On the west it is bounded by Franklin Count, and one the east by Jackson Township.  It is the only township in the county which borders on three counties, other than the one in which it is located.

The Waggoner gristmill, two miles west of Loysville, occupies the site of the Alexander Roddy mill, and Alexander Logan lived on the farm of Preston J. McMillen, at Sandy Hill.  A line running through these points was practically north and south, which evidently was the intention of the court.  Constituted as it was then Toboyne Township comprised about one-fourth of the territory of the county as later formed.

Among early warrants for land in Toboyne were:  John Wilson, 200 acres in 1755; John Rhea, 100 acres in 1767; John Thomas, 113 acres in Horse Valley, in 1765; William Wallace, 292 acres in 1765; John Watt, 209 acres in 1766 and 150 in 1767.  On this latter tract the first gristmill in what is now Toboyne Township was built in 1800, by Samuel Leaman.  Other early warrants were granted to John Glass, William Adams, John Jordan, Archibald Watts, John Farrier, Patrick and John Culbertson and Robert McKee.  Although the warrant of John Wilson, dated in 1755, is the earliest on record, yet there must have been others, as Wilson's lands are described as being "bounded by those of John Watt, Joseph McClintock, Brown's Run, Robert Morrow and Anthony Morrison."

Stephen, Francis and John Johnston settled as early as 1780, and John Clendennin in 1792.  When the county was formed in 1820, the population of Toboyne was 1,955, and the valuation of $342,179.  Tavern licenses were held in 1821 by Peter Shively, and James Baird; in 1822, by John Snell, Henry Zimmerman and David Koutz, and in 1823, by John Strawbridge.  In those days it was a common custom for merchants to take out a liquor license in connection with their stores, so that it is not always possible to make a clear distinguishing mark between the two lines of traffic.  Anthony Black was licensed in 1825, as was Henry Zimmerman, who kept a place at Andersonburg, where he was also postmaster.  

When the township was first created Tyrone and Toboyne voted at the same place, but in 1803 they were formed into two election districts, the house of Henry Zimmerman being named as the polling place for Toboyne.  In 1830, Jackson and Madison having not yet been separated from Toboyne, there were two polling places, according to a proclamation in the Perry Forrester, at the schoolhouse in New Germantown, and at Zimmerman's tavern.  Early merchants were Anthony Black, B. Fosselman & Co., James Ewing and James Morrison.  Ewing had a store in New Germantown, and also for a time at Mt. Pleasant.  Black's store was at his home near Mt. Pleasant, and later at Blain.  

Toboyne Township was early an important location for tanneries.  The Adams tannery, located about two miles south of New Germantown, was the first one, being built before 1814, in which year Thomas Adams was assessed with it.  In 1824, it was burned to the ground.  It was assessed in 1835 in the name of James Adams, and was operated until about 1840.  The New Germantown tannery was built by John Stewart about 1820.  In 1835 it was assessed as the property of Noah Elder, who ran it many years.  It was later owned by James Humes, and was then bought by the Morrison Brothers, who ran it until about 1865.  Fairview tannery, near the head of the valley, with a large capacity, was erected between 1835 and 1840, by John Hoover and Arnold Faughs.  In 1848 William Elder and son Filson, became the owners.  The latter later became the owner.  After running it eight years he sold it to Ephraim McLaughlin, who operated it until 1870, when it was abandoned, owing to the lack of railroad communication.  In 1847 Israel and Samuel Lupfer built the Monterey tannery at the upper end of the narrow valley lying at the base of Bower's Mountain.  The brothers gained a competence through it.  Israel Lupfer purchased his brother's share in 1858, and ran it until 1880.  In connection with John Wiley, Charles H. Rippman purchased it.  They sold it to Hans Reese' Sons, in 1881, who abandoned it in 1889.  Prior to the construction of the Newport & Sherman's Valley Railroad through western Perry Mr. Rippman hauled leather in wagons down the valley on the way to market, and on the return trip he hauled hides for tanning.

The first gristmill to be built within the present limits of Toboyne Township was erected about 1800, by Samuel Lehman, at a point on Sherman's Creek, about two miles west of New Germantown.  In the year of the county's erection he was assessed with a gristmill, a sawmill and 277 acres of land.  Rev. Peter Long, of Huntingdon County, purchased it in 1843, and while in his possession, in 1885, the mill burned.  He rebuilt it, and in 1890, his executor, E. D. Book, sold it to Ernest Blemel, who operated it until 1895, when it again burned.  It was not again rebuilt.

The New Germantown gristmill had much to do with the location of New Germantown, which was laid out in 1816, as to it came the trade from the surrounding territory.  The mill was then already established, and its owner, Jacob Kreamer, had his home within the present limits of New Germantown.  It is now known as the Snyder mill. It is located on Sherman's Creek, a short distance southeast of the town.  While Mr. Kreamer had occupied the lands before and erected the mill, his patent only dates to 1827.  In 1857 he sold to Lydia and James E. Gray, who in 1874 sold to Abraham Snyder.  In 1903 the property was purchased by John W. Fry.  In the assessment list of 1767, when Toboyne yet retained its original area---including what is now Jackson and Madison---the following names appear:

1767 Assessment of Toboyne Twp.

In 1814, the assessment list, still including Madison and Jackson Townships, shows the following industries:

1814 Assessment of Toboyne Twp.

The number of industries was 4 stills, 6 sawmills, 10 gristmills, 2 tanneries and a fulling mill.

John Clendenin, a settler in what is now Toboyne Township, was killed and scalped by the Indians, about one-fourth miles southwest of the Monterey tannery site.  He evidently had located lands which the Indians considered an encroachment.  In July, 1772, his son, also John Clendenin, warranted 109 acres, and in January, 1792, 178 acres.  This first tract may have been one claimed by the father.

Toboyne township furnished the officers for two companies, the fourth and eighth, of the famous Frederick Watts battalion of Cumberland County Militia during the Revolution, and practically all the men.  See chapter on the subject.  During the War of 1812 Captain David Moreland's company contained a large proportion of Toboyne men.  Captain Moreland was from what is now Blain.

For variety of physical features Toboyne Township leads the county, but as many of them are described in the chapter, "The Tuscarora Forest," the reader will do well to refer there.  Within its borders is the head of Sherman's Valley, parts of Horse and Henry's Valleys, Little Illinois Valley, Sherman's Creek, Houston's Run (locally known as Sheaffer's Run), Brown's Run (Locally known as Fowler Run), Patterson's Run, parts of the Tuscarora and Kittatinny or Blue Mountains, Conococheague Mountain, Rising Mountain, Bowers Mountain, Big Round Top, Little Round Top, Buck's Hills, Chestnut Ridge (locally known as Shultz Ridge), and others of lesser note.  A mile north of New Germantown is a small settlement known as Seagertown.

Many years ago William Stump, father of Jesse Stump, came across the Kittatinny Mountain to locate.  he carried a willow cane, which he stuck into the soil near the creek at the farm now known as the Philip Sheaffer place, about two miles west of New Germantown.  From that little cane, used to mark a line, there grew a large willow tree, which the writer measured in July, 1919, while collecting material for this volume.  At a height of five feet from the ground the circumference was twenty-four feet, nine inches.  The ravages of time have started its disintegration.

Toboyne Township was also the home of the Blaines, one of America's noted families, which gave to the country both then and since distinguished services, but as the lands taken up by these pioneers of that name were in that part of Toboyne which later became Jackson Township.  The history pertaining to them in included in that of Jackson Township and the chapter devoted to the Blaine Family.

As early as 1800 records show two schoolhouses in that part of Toboyne Township which constitutes it at present.  One was located at the western end of New Germantown, and Anthony Black and two men named Johnston and Steele were teachers before the county was created.  The other was near the farm now owned by Samuel B. Trostle.  It had a clapboard roof, slab benches and desks, a wooden chimney, and two windows, the lights of which were of greased paper.  The ceiling was of poles, and the floor of hewed logs.  About 1805 another schoolhouse was erected at the farm now owned by D. Dervin Hollenbaugh.  As early as 1814, a bill dated March 28th, passed the Pennsylvania Legislature relating to Toboyne, as follows:

"Section I.  The land officers to make a title clear of purchase money and fees to trustees for schools to be established in the township of Toboyne for a piece of land.

"Section II.  A majority of subscribers to supply vacancies of trustees."

There is record of a schoolhouse "built of mud," located near New Germantown, and taught by a man named Thatcher, among the pupils being children of James Johnston, then a prominent citizen of that community, one of whose sons, George Johnston, was later Perry County's representative in the State Legislature.

The business places of Toboyne Township, according to the report of the mercantile appraiser, are as follows:

General stores, Vernon Smith; C. W. Bistline; J. A. Rhea.
Stambaugh & Smith, coal; M. E. Morrison, millinery; Kirby Moose, meat market.

New Germantown.  Joseph McClintock warranted much land and bough more until he owned a large tract. The Kern farms and the Wilhide lands were part of his holdings, as were also the lands on which New Germantown to-day stands.  He took up most of them before 1767.  Solomon Sheibley came into possession of them property on which the town stands and which he laid out lots March 1, 1816.  The original plan was four block of six lots each, eighty feet wide by one hundred and fifty feet in depth.  A public sale of lots was held on March 18, 1816.  

Among the earliest residents of which there is record were J. Kuntz, shoemaker; John Leiby, carpenter; J. Smith, hatter and William and Mathias Stump, blacksmiths.  The lots for taxation purposes were valued at ten dollars.  Jacob Kreamer, who once owned the mill southeast of town, was another resident.

At the east end of the town, on the George Kern farm, now owned by George M. Smith, is a remarkably large spring---one of the noted springs of the county---and which gave to the immediate vicinity the name of Limestone Spring, before the town was laid out.  It is so named on Mitchell's old map of Pennsylvania.  One of the early settlers of the town was William A. Morrison, who located there in 1830, father of the present Morrisons residing there, who was a county auditor, postmaster for eleven years, and for a period of thirty years a justice of the peace.  In 1830 there were two taverns there, the "Old Stone Castle" or "Blue Ball Hotel" of David Koutz, and another kept by Thomas B. Jacobs, who died in 1833.  It was then purchased by Mrs. Emily Gray, grandmother of the Morrisons, who kept a licensed house, known as "Travelers' Rest," until 1860, when she decided to run the place as a temperance house, which shows that over a half century ago the temperance question was already a matter of issue in Perry County.  The Koutz place was unlicensed from 1831 to 1875, when William A. Shields was licensed.  Samuel Kern and John Sanderson were once proprietors.  From then on until the county "went dry" in 1918, there was a license at times and at times not.  It was once known as the "Blue Ball" tavern, the sign being two large globes.

John Kooken was appointed a justice of the peace in 1822, and served many years.  The tannery in the early years of the county's history, was operated by Noah A. Elder.

On June 18, 1842, the town was incorporated as a borough by an act of the legislature, but failure to fulfill all the provisions of the act caused the charter to be forfeited.  Its existence as a separate unit must have been longer than usually stated, as an act of the Pennsylvania Legislature, March 12, 1849, creates it a special election district, and an act of May, 1850, authorizes New Germantown Borough and Toboyne Township jointly to sign liquor applications.  During the existence of the town there have been two serious conflagration.  On March 3, 1876, the store of Dr. F. A. Gutshall and J. Morrison & Son and the dwellings of Barbara Kreamer and Jane Morrison's heirs were destroyed by fire, and in 1885, J. E. Rumple's store burned.

New Germantown is located twenty-eight miles west of Newport, almost at the extreme west end of Sherman's Valley, and is the western erminus of the narrow gauge railroad.  It is on the state highway leading from New Bloomfield, Perry County, to Chambersburg, Franklin County.

Rev. Dr. Frederick Oberholtzer was the first physician at New Germantown, being also pastor of the Lutheran Church.  This was prior to 1821, in which year he died.  Dr. J. R. Scott began practice there in 1824, but there is no record of the length of his practice in point of time.  In 1843 Dr. William C. Hays located in New Germantown, where he practiced for six years.  Dr. F. A. Gutshall, who graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1866, located in New Germantown, but some years later removed to Blain, where he is still in active practice.  Dr. A. R. Johnston, reared in the vicinity, located here in 1883, but removed to New Bloomfield a year later.  Dr. Milton Shull located here in 1885, but later removed to Hummelstown, where he was successful.  Dr. W. J. Allen, Baltimore University, '76, was located here for a while, when he transferred to Landisburg.  Dr Russell Campbell, Medico-Chi., '09, was also here for a year or two, until his death.  Dr. B. F. Grosh, an able and learned physician, came from Lancaster County and located at Andersonburg in 1844.  He married into the well-known Anderson family and practiced here until his death in 1857.  He was the father of Alexander Blaine Grosh, later a prothonotary of the county and successor of the late John A. Baker as editor of the Perry County Freeman.  After Dr. Grosh's death Dr. E. B. Hotchkin was located there for about two years.  Previous to locating in Ickesburg Dr. Jonathan Jackson practiced in Andersonburg in 1859.  Dr. George W. Mitchell, a native of the county, located at Andersonburg at the close of the War between the States, having graduated in 1860, and served in the war as a surgeon of one of the Pennsylvania regiments.  He practiced until about 1900.  

New Germantown Lutheran Church.  A number of Lutheran families having been residents of New Germantown and vicinity, a meeting was held March 12, 1893, at which an organization was effected.  The church was built in 1894, its first officers having been:  Solomon Gutshall and J. K. Shoemaker, elders; S. A. Gutshall, William Hollenbaugh and P. G. Beighler, deacons.  It belongs to the Blain charge, and has the same ministers.

New Germantown M. E. Church.  The first Methodist organization was effected in 1841, and at that time the congregation was connected with the Concord (Franklin County) Circuit.  The church was built in 1843 on land donated by Solomon Sheibley, who also gave the land for the cemetery.  Until then the congregation had worshiped in the school building, but was refused its further use.  They also worshiped in a discarded schoolhouse owned by James Adams.  The church later belonged to the New Bloomfield Circuit until about 1875, when the Blain charge was formed, and it became a part.  (See Bloomfield and Blain chapters for list of pastors.)

Horse Valley M. E. Church.  A Methodist Episcopal church was built in Horse Valley in 1857, being located on lands of Benjamin Scyoc, who donated them.  It was dedicated December 27, 1857.  It was then designated as "Scyoc Chapel."  Among those interested in its erection were Elias Cook, Benjamin Scyoc, William Widney and Jacob Seibert.  It is still in use, the pastor from East Waterford holding services.  

The above information was extracted from the book, History of Perry County Pennsylvania; H. H. Hain; Harrisburg; 1922.  



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