HISTORY OF MIFFLIN COUNTY

From Franklin Ellis' History of That Part of the Susquehanna and Juniata Valleys
Embraced in the Counties of Mifflin, Juniata, Perry, Union and Snyder
. Philadelphia, 1886.

CHAPTER II.

The Bench and Bar of Mifflin County.

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Early Courts The Lewistown Riot of 1791 Biographical Sketches Rosters of Judges and Attorneys.

SECTION 4 of the act of erection of Mifflin County, passed September 19, 1789, provided,

"That the Justices of the Peace commissioned at the time of passing this Act, and residing within the bounds and limits of the said county, herein and hereby erected and constituted, shall be Justices of the peace for the said county during the time for which they were so commissioned; and they, or any three of them, shall and may hold courts of General Quarter Sessions of the Peace. And the Justices of the Common Pleas in like manner commissioned and residing, or any three or more of them, shall and may hold courts of Common Pleas in the said county during the time they were so commissioned; and the said courts of General Quarter Sessions of the Peace, and of Common Pleas, shall have all and singular the powers and authorities, rights and jurisdictions, to all intents and purposes, which any other Courts of General Quarter Sessions and of the Common Pleas, in any of the other counties of this State may, can or ought to have in their respective counties, and the said courts of Common Pleas shall sit and be held for the said county of Mifflin, on the second Tuesdays in the months of December, March, June and September in each year, at. the house now occupied by Arthur Buchannan, until a court-house shall be built, as hereafter directed; and the courts of Quarter Sessions of and for the said county shall open and commence on the days next preceding the opening of the said courts of Common Pleas, in each of the said months, in each year, as aforesaid, until the time aforesaid, and then shall sit, and be holden and kept at the said court-house on the days and times before mentioned."

Section 10 of the act of erection provided,

"That the Justices of the Supreme Court and of the courts of Oyer and Terminer and General Goal Delivery of this State shall have the like powers, jurisdictions and authorities, within the said county of Mifflin, as by law they are vested with, and entitled to have and exercise in other counties of this State; and they are hereby authorized and empowered, from time to time, to deliver the goal of the said county of capital and other offenders, in the same manner as they are authorized and empowered to do in any other counties of this State."

Under this act the courts of Mifflin County were erected, and the first Court of Common Pleas was held December 8, 1789, at the house

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of Arthur Buchanan, with William Brown, Esq., as president, and William Bell, James Burns and William McCoy, Esq., as associate justices. At this court but little business was done, except to organize and admit attorneys to practice in the courts. The first Court of Quarter Sessions was held on the 8th of March, 1790, before William Brown, Esq., and his associate. The first grand jury panel was William Smith* (foreman), John Elliot,* John Oliver, Esq.,* James Harrill, John Culbertson* (fuller), Robert Taylor, John Culbertson* (farmer), Joseph McClellan,* Captain William Wilson,* John Watson,* Henry Berntheisel,* John Hardy,* John Wilson (distiller), William Purdy, Andrew Nelson, William Walker, William Harris, William Work, James Banks, Thomas Gallagher, William Hardy, John Burns, Samuel Holliday and Robert Means.*

The courts of this county were conducted in this manner and under this jurisdiction until December, 1791.

At the last term of court under this jurisdiction (September, 1791) an incident occurred which nearly resulted in a riot. As near as can be ascertained at this late day, the causes that brought about the disturbance are as follows:

Samuel Bryson, a resident of what is now Mifflintown, was for several years a county lieutenant, and while acting in that capacity refused to commission two colonels who had been elected by their respective regiments. This so incensed the members of the regiment and their friends also, that when Mr. Bryson received the appointment of associate justice they were indignant, and determined he should not act in that capacity. The following letter written by John Clarke, deputy State's attorney, to Judge Thomas Smith, who was soon after appointed judge of the Fourth Judicial District, gives the facts as they occurred:

"Sir, - On Monday, the 12th of September, 1791, the Hon. William Brown, Samuel Bryson and James Armstrong, Esquires, met in the forenoon in order to open the Court and proceed to business; but Thomas Beale, Esquire, one of the Associate Judges, not having arrived, their Honours waited until three o'clock in the afternoon, at which time he arrived, and was requested to proceed with them and the officers of the Court to the Court-House; he declined going, and the procession moved on to the Court-House, where the judge's commissions were read, the Court opened, and the officers and the Attorneys of the Court sworn in, and the Court adjourned till ten o'clock next morning.

"About nine o'clock, while preparing business to lay before the Grand Jury, I received information that a large body of men were assembled below the Long Narrows, at David Jordan's tavern, on the Juniata, and were armed with guns, swords and pistols, with an avowed intention to proceed to Lewistown and seize Judge Bryson on the bench, and drag him from his seat, and march him off before them, and otherwise ill-treat him. This information was instantly communicated to Messrs. Brown, 'Bryson and Armstrong, the Judges, who agreed with me that Samuel Edmiston, Esq., the Prothonotary, Judge Beale, Stewart, Esq., William Bell, Esq., should, with George Wilson, Esq., the Sheriff of Mifflin County, proceed and meet the rioters; and the Sheriff was commanded to enquire of them their object and intention, and if hostile, to order them to disperse, and tell them the Court was alarmed at their proceedings.

"Two hours after this the Court opened, and a Grand Jury was impanelled. A fife was heard playing, and some guns fired, and immediately the mob appeared,. marching towards the Court-House, with three men on horseback in front, having the gentlemen that had been sent to meet them under guard in the rear; all of whom, on their arrival at Lewistown, they permitted to go at large, except the Sheriff, whom four of them kept a guard over. The Court ordered me, as the representative of the Commonwealth, to go and meet them, remonstrate against their proceedings, and warn them of their danger; which order was obeyed, but all endeavours were in vain, the mob crying out, 'March on! March on! Draw your Sword on him! Draw your Sword on him! Ride over him!' I seized the reins of the bridle that the principal commander held, viz., Wilson, Esq., brother of the Sheriff aforesaid, who was well mounted and well dressed, with a sword, and, I think, two pistols belted round him, a cocked hat, and one or two feathers in it. He said he would not desist, but at all events proceed, and take Judge Bryson off the bench, and march him down the Narrows to the Judge's farm, and make him sign a written paper that he would never sit there as a Judge again.

"The mob still crying out 'March on!' he drew his sword and told me he must hurt me unless I would let go the reins. The crowd pushed forward and
_____

NOTE. - Those marked thus (*) were present and sworn in, and on account of others being absent, Moses Thompson, William Robinson and James Alexander were taken from the bystanders and sworn in to fill the panel.

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nearly pressed me down; one of them, as I learned afterwards, a nephew of Judge Beale, presented his pistol at my breast with a full determination to shoot me. I let the reins go and walked before them until I arrived at the stairs on the outside of the Court-House, when Judge Armstrong met me and said, 'Since nothing else will do, let us defend the stairs.' We instantly ascended, and Mr. Hamilton and the gentlemen of the bar and many citizens; and the rioters, headed by William Wilson, Colonel Walker and Colonel Holt, came forward, and the general cry was, 'March on, damn you; proceed and take him!' Judge Armstrong replied, 'You damn'd rascals, come on! we will defend the Court ourselves and before you shall take Judge Bryson you shall kill me and many others, which seems to be your intention and which you may do.' At this awful moment one Holt seized Judge Armstrong by the arm with the intent to pull him down the stairs, but he extricated himself. Holt's brother then got a drawn sword and put it into his hands and damned him to run the rascal through; and Wilson drew his sword on me with great rage, and young Beale his sword, and cocked his pistol and, presented it. I told them they might kill me, but the Judge they could not, nor should they take him; and the words 'Fire away!' were shouted through the mob. I put my hand on his shoulder and begged him to consider where he was, who I was, and reflect but for a moment. I told him to withdraw the men and appoint any two or three of the most respectable of his people to meet me in half an hour and try to settle the dispute. He agreed, and, with difficulty, got them away from the Court-House. Mr. Hamilton then went with me to Mr. Alexander's tavern, and in Wilson and Walker came, and also Sterrett, whom I soon discovered to be their chief counsellor.

"Proposals were made by me that they should return home, offer no insult to Judge Bryson or the Court, and prefer to the Governour a decent petition, stating their grievances, if they had any, that might be laid before the Legislature; and that, in the mean time, the Judge should not sit on the bench of this Court. They seemed agreed and our mutual honour to be pledged; but Sterrett, who pretended not to be concerned, stated that great delay would take place, that injuries had been received which demanded instant redress, and objected to the power of the Governour as to certain points proposed. At this point young Beale and Holt came up (the former with arms) and insisted on Wilson's joining them, and broke up the conference. I followed, and on, the field among the rioters told Wilson, 'Your object is that Judge Bryson leave the bench and not sit on it this court?' He and Walker said 'Yes.' 'Will you promise to disperse and go home and offer him no insult?' He said 'Yes,' and our mutual honour was then pledged for the performance of the agreement.

"Mr. Hamilton proceeded to the Court, told the Judge, and he left his seat and retired. I scarce had arrived until the fife began to play, and the whole of the rioters came onto the Court-House, then headed by Wilson. I met them at the foot of the stairs and told them the Judge was gone, in pursuance of the agreement, and charged them with a breach of the word and forfeiture of honour, and Walker said it was so, but he could not prevail on them. Wilson said he would have the Judge and attempted going upstairs. 'I prevented him, and told him he should not unless he took off his military accoutrements. He said he had an address to present and complied with my request, and presented it, signed 'The People.' Young Beale, at the moment I was contending with Wilson, cocked and presented his pistol at my breast, and insisted that Wilson and all of them should go, but on my offering to decide it by combat with him, he declined it, and by this means they went off swearing and said that they were out-generaled.

"The next day Colonel McFarland, with his regiment, came down and offered to defend the Court, and addressed it; the Court answered, and stated that there was no occasion, and thanked him.

"Judge Bryson read a paper, stating the ill treatment he received, and mentioned that no fear of danger prevented him from taking, and keeping, his seat; but that he understood that an engagement had been entered into by his friends that he should not, and on that account only he was prevented. The Court adjourned until two o'clock that day, and were proceeding to open it with the Sheriff to wait on him and request him to walk with them; he returned and said the Judge would not walk or sit with Bryson, and addressed Judge Bryson with warmth, who replied in a becoming manner. The Sheriff struck at him and kicked also. Judge Armstrong seized the Sheriff, and commanded the peace and took the Sheriff's rod from him; the Coroner took his place, and the Sheriff was brought up before the Court. I moved he might be committed to Gaol and his mittimus wrote and signed and the Court ordered the Coroner and gaoler to take him, and he submitted. The Court adjourned. After night the drumbeat and Holt collected about seventy men, who repeatedly huzzaed, crying out 'Liberty or Death!' and he ordered to rescue the Sheriff, but the Sheriff refused.

"At ten o'clock at night I was informed expresses were sent down the Narrows to collect men to rescue the Sheriff, and Major Edmiston informed me he was sorry for his conduct and offered to beg the Court's pardon, and to enter into recognizance. I communicated this to the Judges, Brown and Armstrong, and requested they would write to the gaoler to permit him to come down; they did, and the sheriff came with Major Edmiston, begged pardon of every member of the Court and Judge Bryson (who was not present), and entered into recognizances to appear at the next sessions.

"The next day near three hundred men were as

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sembled below the Narrows, and I prevailed on some gentlemen to go down and disperse them; and upon being assured the Sheriff was out of Gaol, they returned to their respective homes, and the Court have finished all business; nothing further requiring the attendance of the Grand Jury, the Court dismissed them and broke up. I must not omit to inform you that Judge Beale had declared during the riot in Court, that he would not sit on the bench with Judge Bryson, and that both him and said Stewart appeared to countenance the rioters, and are deeply concerned.

"I must now close the narrative with saying that, owing to the spirit and firmness of Judge Armstrong and the whole of the bar, I was enabled to avert the dreadful blow aimed at Judge Bryson, and to keep order and subordination in Court, and unless the most vigorous measures are exerted soon, it will be impossible ever to support the laws of the State in that country, or to punish those who dare transgress.

"The excise law is execrated by the banditti, and from every information I expect the collection of the revenue will be opposed. I am happy to add the dispute which originated by a mistake between Huntingdon and Mifflin Counties is happily closed in the most amicable manner, without any prosecution in Mifflin. I am, Sir, your most obedient, JOHN CLARKE, Dy. St. Attorney."

An act of the Legislature was passed April 13, 1791, by which the State of Pennsylvania was divided into five judicial districts, of which the Fourth District consisted of the counties of Cumberland, Franklin, Bedford, Huntingdon and Mifflin. Upon the erection of Union County, in 1813, it became attached to Mifflin, and when the State was redistricted by the act of April 14, 1834, Mifflin and Union Counties became the Twentieth District. Snyder County was attached upon its erection, in 1855, and the district remained the same in the act redistricting the State April 9, 1874.

The act of 1791 provided that in each of these districts "a person of knowledge and integrity, skilled in the laws, shall be appointed and commissioned by the Governor to be president and judge of the Court of Common Pleas within each district or circuit, and that a number of other proper persons, not fewer than three nor more than four, shall be appointed and commissioned judges of the Courts of Common Pleas in and for each and every of the counties of this common wealth, which said presidents and judges shall, after the said thirty-first day of August next, respectively have and execute all and singular the powers, jurisdictions and authorities of judges of the Courts of Common Pleas, judges of the Courts of Oyer and Terminer and Grand Goal delivery, judges of the Orphans' Courts and justices of the Courts of quarter Sessions, agreeably to the laws and constitution of this commonwealth."

Under the act of April, 1791, Thomas Smith was appointed president judge of the Fourth Judicial District and held the first court at Lewistown in December, 1791, with William Brown, Samuel Bryson, James Armstrong and Thomas Beale as associate judges.

The following judges have at different times presided over the courts of the district now under consideration:

WILLIAM BROWN was commissioned November 14, 1789. At that time the president judge was the senior justice of the peace. It was not until 1791 that president law judges were appointed, when THOMAS SMITH became the first, August 20, 1791. On the 20th of August, 1795, JAMES RIDDLE was appointed and served until March 1, 1806. His successor was JONATHAN WALKER, of Bedford. Judge Jonathan Walker was born near Hogestown, Cumberland County, and when still quite a lad served in the army of the Revolution. He graduated at Carlisle September 26, 1787, studied law and in 1791 established himself in its practice in the town of Northumberland. In April, 1806, he was appointed president judge of the Fourth District, then Mifflin, Centre and Huntingdon, and removed to Bellefonte. He retired in July, 1818, and was succeeded by the Hon. Charles Huston. Judge Walker was the first judge of the United States Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania, which was erected by act of Congress April 20, 1818. He died in January, 1824, while on a visit to his son at Natchez, Mississippi. Robert J. Walker, United States Senator from Mississippi 1830, Secretary of Treasury of United States 1845, was a son of Judge Walker, who was born at Northumberland July 19, 1801.
HON. CHARLES HUSTON was born of Scotch-Irish parents in Plumstead township, Bucks County, January 16, 1771. He was educated

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at Dickinson College, Carlisle, where he graduated in 1789. During the years 179091 he taught a select school in Carlisle and studied law with Thomas Duncan, Esq. He was admitted to the bar in August, 1795, and soon after removed to Williamsport, Lycoming County having just been erected. In 1807 he removed to Bellefonte and began practice. On the 22d of August, 1818, he was appointed president judge of the Fourth District, which office he held until his appointment, in April, 1826, as one of the judges of the Supreme Court of the State, which last position he held until the expiration of his term, in 1845. Judge Walker, in his farewell address to the people of the Fourth Judicial District, July 24, 1818, said of Mr. Huston, his successor, "He is known to be a man of plain manners, integrity, learning, sound understanding, deep legal research and natural eloquence." Judge Huston's opinions are found in thirty-five volumes of reports. In the latter years of his life he compiled a work on "The History and Nature of Original Titles to Land in the Province and State of Pennsylvania," and completed the same a short time before his death, which occurred November 10, 1849.

HON. THOMAS BURNSIDE was born in the county of Tyrone, Ireland, July 28, 1782. In 1792 he came with his father to Montgomery Co., Pa. In November, 1800, he began the study of law with the Hon. Robert Paxter, of Philadelphia, and was admitted to the bar February 13, 1804. He settled at once in Bellefonte. In 1811 he was elected to the State Senate and was an active supporter of Governor Snyder in all the war measures of 1812. In 1815 he was elected to Congress and served during the memorable session of 1816. In the summer of the last-named year he was appointed president judge of the Luzerne District. This position he resigned in 1818 and resumed practice of the law at Bellefonte. In 1823 he was again elected to the State Senate, of which body he was chosen Speaker. Upon the appointment of the Hon. Charles Huston (then president judge of the Fourth District) to be one of the justices of the Supreme Court of the State, Mr. Burnside was appointed, April 20, 1826, to succeed Judge Huston. Judge Burnside held this office until 1841, when he was appointed president judge of the Seventh Judicial District (Bucks and Montgomery). On the 1st of January, 1845, he was commissioned one of the justices of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, which position he filled till his death, March 25, 1851.

GEORGE W. WOODWARD was appointed president judge of the Fourth Judicial District in March, 1841, and served until 1842, when he was succeeded by Abraham S. Wilson. On May 8, 1852, Mr. Woodward was commissioned an associate justice in the Supreme Court of the State, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of the Hon. Richard Coulter. In the fall of that year Judge Woodward was elected for fifteen years, which period elapsed December 2, 1867.

HON. ABRAHAM SCOTT WILSON died at Lewistown, Pa., December 19, 1864, aged sixty-four years. He was born in Chillisquaque township, Northumberland County, and was the youngest son of General William Wilson, who then owned the flouring-mill at the mouth of Chillisquaque Creek.

General Wilson emigrated from Ireland before the Revolution, settled at Northumberland, and June 25, 1775, went as third lieutenant of Colonel Thompson's regiment to Boston. He became captain, March 2, 1777, in the First Pennsylvania, and served during the war, being mustered out November 3, 1783. He married Mary, daughter of Captain Abraham Scott (who resided on Packer's Island and died there in August, 1798), and was commissioned associate judge of Northumberland County January 13, 1792, which office he held until his death, in 1813. He was appointed brigadier-general in the provisional army of 1798. His eldest son, S. Hunter Wilson, was associate judge of Centre County, and died while in office at the Old Fort, Centre Co., July 22, 1841.

Abraham S. Wilson passed his boyhood at Chillisquaque Mills, received his academic education at the old academy in Northumberland, and read law with Hon. W. W. Potter, at Bellefonte, where he was admitted to the bar in November, 1821. He then removed to Lewistown and settled down in the practice of his profession at that place.

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He was married, December 12, 1839, to Harriet, daughter of John Norris, cashier of the Old Centre Bank, at Bellefonte. He represented Union, Juniata and Mifflin Counties in the Legislature of 1840, and March 30, 1842, was commissioned president judge of the Twentieth Judicial District, composed of the counties of Huntingdon, Mifflin and Union, which was formed by the act of March 21, 1842. In 1851 he was elected president judge of the district composed of Mifflin and Union Counties.

A short time prior to the expiration of his term he had a stroke of paralysis, which incapacitated him from writing, but his intellect remained clear always, and by the aid of an amanuensis he was enabled to serve out his term. He was eminently a just and upright judge, and his decisions, always carefully considered and made, almost invariably passed the ordeal of review in the Supreme Court without revision.

Judge Wilson was an exceedingly kind-hearted man, possessing an even temperament; socially inclined, he had a vast fund of anecdote and fine conversational powers. Apparently easy-going, he was an industrious student, devoting the early morning hours to research and reading, preparing himself for judicial duty while others slept. Mrs. Wilson died at Leadville, Col., December 26, 1879, at the home of their only child, Mary, wife of Mr. Frank Ballou.

SAMUEL S. WOODS was born in Mifflin County, Pa., a few miles above McVeytown, September 8, 1820. He was the second son of Rev. James S. Woods, D.D., and a grandson of Dr. John Witherspoon, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, his mother being the youngest daughter of Dr. Witherspoon. Judge Woods received his academic education at the Lewistown Academy and graduated at Jefferson College, at Cannonsburg, Pa., in the year 1839. After he graduated he taught a classical school in Eastern Virginia for one year. He then commenced the study of law in Carlisle, Pa., in the law school of Judge John Reed, and was admitted to the bar at that place in the spring of 1842. He located at Lewistown, Mifflin County, Pa., where he was admitted to practice law May 12, 1842. He very soon acquired a large and lucrative practice and rapidly rose to be one of the leading lawyers at that bar. He was a close student, a thoroughly-read lawyer and an able advocate. He prepared his cases with great care and tried them with zeal and tact, and was a very successful practitioner.

At the November election in 1861 he was elected president judge of the Twentieth Judicial District, composed of the counties of Mifflin, Snyder and Union, and filled that office from January, 1862, to January, 1872, when his term expired. He was a consistent member of the Presbyterian Church, a warmhearted, generous man and an able, honest and fearless judge. He was married. November 26, 1844, to Henrietta Wilson, and had by her three children, all daughters, one of whom died when two years old. The others are still living. His wife died February 17, 1857. He died February 5, 1873, after a protracted illness.

HON. JOSEPH C. BUCHER was elected to succeed Judge Woods; was commissioned November 7, 1871, and is still on the bench. (For sketch, see Bench and Bar of Union County.)

ATTORNEYS.

At the first meeting of the Mifflin County Court, December 8, 1789, the following attorneys were admitted to practice:

JAMES HAMILTON.
THOMAS DUNCAN, of Carlisle, late justice of the Supreme Court.
GEORGE FISHER.
JOHN CLARK, in 1791, was the deputy attorney-general when the riot occurred at Lewistown.
THOMAS NISBIT, of Carlisle; a son of Rev. Dr. Nisbit, president of Dickinson College.
DAVID McKEEHAN.
JOHN CADWALLADER.
GEORGE DUFFIELD, of Carlisle, son of Rev. George Duffield.
DAVID WATTS, a son of General Frederick Watts and father of Judge Frederick Watts, of Carlisle.
CHARLES HALL.

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The following were admitted at March term, 1790:

THOMAS SMITH.
JOHN A. HANNAH.
JONATHAN WALKER.
THOMAS ANDERSON, was clerk of the county commissioners for several years; practiced in Lewistown.
The following were admitted at June term, 1790:
CHARLES SMITH.
DANIEL SMITH.
GALBRAITH PATTERSON, admitted September term, 1790.
WILLIAM HANNAH, admitted November term, 1796.
ROBERT McCLURE, admitted April term, 1797.
WILLIAM AUGUSTUS PATTERSON, of Northumberland County, was admitted to practice April, 1797; married and practiced at Lewistown during his life.
EVANS RICE EVANS, RICHARD L. CORMACK and SAMUEL ROBERTS were also admitted at the same time.
ELIAS W. HALE was born in Glastonbury, Conn., April 18, 1775. He graduated at Yale College in 1794, and soon after began the study of law with Charles Hall, of Sunbury, Pa. After completing his studies he removed to Lewistown and was admitted to practice at the bar of Mifflin County in May, 1798. He became one of the leading lawyers of the district. He died February 3, 1832, and is buried in St. Mark's Cemetery. Mr. Hale was married to Miss Jane Mulhollan, who survived him many years. Their children were George G., Reuben C., John M., Elias W., Mary and Caroline. Mary became the wife of Gideon Welles, of Hartford, Conn., and Caroline married George D. Morgan, of New York. Dr. Elias W. Hale is now living at Bellefonte.
WILLIAM W. LAIRD was a native of Northumberland County; was admitted to the bar of Mifflin County in August, 1798, and settled at Lewistown. In 1811 he was executor of the estate of General William Lewis, of Hope Furnace, and took charge of the furnace and operated it for several years. He later removed to Akron, Ohio, and was there engaged in the manufacture of iron.
ENOCH SMITH, admitted December, 1798.
ANDREW GROFF, admitted January, 1799.
JOHN CORSON, admitted August, 1799.
ROBERT ALLISON, admitted August, 1799.
JOHN SHIPPIN, admitted April, 1800.
ANDREW DUNLAP, admitted April, 1800.
DAVID IRVINE, admitted November, 1800.
JOHN MILES, admitted April, 1801.
JAMES DUNLAP, admitted August, 1801.
THOMAS GEMMEL, a son of John Gemmel, of Derry township (now Granville) was admitted to practice in the Mifflin County courts in April, 1802. After practicing a few years he left Lewistown.
WILLIAM ORBISON, admitted April, 1802.
JOHN WALLACE, admitted May, 1803.
ALEXANDER LYON, admitted November, 1803.
JAMES ORBISON, admitted April, 1805.
WALKER REED, admitted April, 1805.
ISAAC BROWN PARKER, admitted August, 1806.
WILLIAM NORRIS, admitted August, 1806.
WILLIAM R. SMITH, admitted January, 1809.
JOHN B. GIBSON, admitted January, 1810.
GEORGE ROSS, admitted January, 1811.
ALEXANDER A. ANDERSON was admitted to practice in the Mifflin County courts at August term, 1811, and continued until his death, April 3, 1823, aged thirty-seven years. He was at one time a member of the Legislature.
JOHN JOHNSTON, admitted August term, 1811.
WILLIAM W. POTTER, admitted May term, 1814.
ANDREW CARUTHERS, admitted May term, 1814.
DANIEL S. HOUGHTON, admitted August term, 1814.
JOHN BLANCHARD, a native of Vermont, was born in 1787; graduated at Dartmouth College in 1812; moved to York County, Pa., where he taught school and studied law. He was admitted to the bar of York County March 31, 1815, and in April following was admitted to practice in Mifflin County. He moved to Lewistown, where he remained but a short time, and then moved to Bellefonte, where he resided

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until his death, March 8, 1849. At the time of his death he had been a member of Congress for four years.
THOMAS BLAIR, was admitted at January term, 1816.
ROBERT CRAIG, was admitted at August term, 1817.
BENJAMIN R. STEVENS, was admitted at November term, 1817.
WILLIAM W. KENNEDY, was admitted at January term, 1818.
DAVID W. HULINGS, a native of Perry County, graduated at Dickinson College. Studied law in the office of his uncle, David Watts, of Carlisle. Came to Lewistown in 1818, and on January 19th of that year presented his commission to the court as deputy attorney-general of Mifflin County. In 1820 he married Miss Maria, a daughter of Benjamin Patton, and settled in the place for the practice of law, and followed his profession many years. About 1830 he became the owner of the Hope Furnace, which he operated many years, and purchased much real estate in the County. He ceased the practice of law about fifteen years before his death, which occurred in Baltimore.
JAMES M. McDOWELL, of Chambersburg, was admitted to the bar of Mifflin County at August term of court, 1818; settled in Lewistown and continued practice until his death, February 28, 1840, aged forty-eight years. He was appointed deputy attorney-general April 18, 1824
GRATZ ETTING, admitted August term, 1818
MORDECAI M. KINNEY, admitted August term, 1818.
ELIPHALET LUCIAN BENEDICT was a native of Watertown, Connecticut, and was born December 5, 1792. His death occurred in Lewistown November 7, 1875. Of his early history little is known. His education was a fairly liberal one. We trace him next to Lancaster, Pa., where he studied law, and being poor, taught district schools for a few months of each year during the period he devoted to the acquirement of legal knowledge. His preceptor was Judge Rogers, of Lancaster. Mr. Benedict came to Lewistown late in 1818 or early in 1819, and opened an office. He resided in Lewistown for upwards of fifty-six years. He never held nor aspired to any official favors, preferring the quiet pursuit of the profession he adopted. At his decease, and for many years, he was the president of the Bar Association, as its oldest resident member. He was regarded as a stern and exacting man in his business relations; while esteemed close, even penurious, he was yet found to have dispensed quite generously and quietly to such persons and objects as commended themselves to his confidence. At the bar he occupied a leading position rather as a counselor than an advocate and yet he was effective before the court and a jury in the latter capacity. As an advocate he was brief, but clear and lucid in statement, vigorous and logical, avoiding any florid display of oratory.
His funeral, the services of which were led by his pastor, Rev. Dr. McClean, Presbyterian, assisted by Rev. W. Henry Platt, Episcopalian, and Rev. W. G. Ferguson, Methodist, took place on the 9th of November, 1875. The attendance was large, the court adjourning, and uniting with the bar in paying respect to the memory of one who had so long gone in and out among them.
JAMES STEEL, JOHN TODD and JOHN D. MAHON were admitted to practice at August term, 1818.
JOHN M. FOSTER, WILLIAM RAMSEY and CALVIN BLYTHE were admitted at November term, 1818.
JOHN BANKS, a cousin of Ephraim Banks, was admitted to the bar in April, 1819. He practiced at Lewistown a few years, and moved to Reading, where he became a judge of the county, and also ran for Governor.
SAMUEL ALEXANDER was admitted at January term, 1820.
BARTON MCMULLEN was admitted at January term, 1822.
EPHRAIM BANKS was a native of Lost Creek Valley (now Juniata County); was born January 17, 1791. He came to Lewistown in 1817, and was appointed prothonotary of Mifflin County in 1818 by Governor Freedley. After studying law, was admitted to practice in 1823; was a member of the Legislature in 182678; a member of the Constitutional Convention in

468  JUNIATA AND SUSQUEHANNA VALLEYS IN PENNSYLVANIA.

1837; was elected auditor-general of the State in 1850, and re-elected in 1853. In 1866 he was elected associate judge of Mifflin County which position he held at the time of his death in January, 1871.
ABRAHAM S. WILSON, afterwards judge of the district, was admitted to practice at April term, 1822.
ANDREW WALKER and HENRY SHIPPEN were admitted at August term, 1822.
WILLIAM PATTON and THOMAS McDONALD were admitted at April term, 1823.
WILLIAM MACLAY HALL was admitted to practice in April, 1823. He practiced in Lewistown for a time, and then studied for the ministry. He entered the Presbyterian Church and moved to Bedford County, where his son William M., is judge of the county.
THOMAS KNOX was admitted at January term, 1824.
JAMES M. BELL, THOMAS NIXON VANDYKE and JOHN WILLIAMSON were admitted at August term, 1824.
BOND VALENTINE was admitted at April term, 1825.
ROBERT WALLACE was admitted at November term, 1825.
E. L. DUNBAR was admitted at November term, 1826.
JAMES MATHERS was admitted at August term, 1827 (see Juniata County).
ROBERT FLEMING was admitted at January term, 1829.
A. P. WILSON was admitted at January term, 1829.
JAMES HOWARD PENROSE was admitted at April term, 1830.
THOMAS CRAIGHEAD was admitted at August term, 1830.
C. W. KELSOE was admitted at November term, 1830.
MATHEW D. GREGG was admitted at November term, 1830.
BENJAMIN PATTON, JR., a native of Lewistown, studied law with David W. Hulings, and was admitted to the bar of Mifflin County in November, 1830. In October, 1832, he was appointed United States attorney for the Western District of Pennsylvania, and removed to Pittsburgh. He now resides in Columbus, Ohio.
SAMUEL S. WHARTON was admitted at April term, 1831.
JAMES TRACY HALE was admitted at February term, 1832.
EDGAR B. TODD was admitted at April term, 1832.
JOHN HOGE WAUGH was admitted at August term, 1832.
WILLIAM A. RODGERS was admitted at January term, 1833.
HAMILTON SAMPLE was admitted at August term, 1833; practiced at Lewistown a few years and then removed to Baltimore.
REUBEN M. HALE, the second son of Elias W. Hale, was born at Lewistown October 13, 1812. He studied at Mifflin, Pa., at the military academy of Captain A. Partridge; Middletown, Conn., and at Yale College two years. He entered the office of Hon. W. W. Potter, of Bellefonte, as a law student, and on the 27th of August, 1833, was admitted to practice in Centre County. In November following was admitted to the Mifflin County bar, and removed to Lewistown, his native place, where he settled, and attained a large practice. In April, 1853, he was appointed by President Pierce surveyor of the port of Philadelphia, to which place he soon after removed. After the expiration of his term he practiced in Philadelphia until 1861, when he was appointed quartermaster-general of the State by Governor Curtin. His labors in the performance of his duties were so great that he was attacked by hemorrhage of the lungs, and died at the residence of his brother, Dr. E. W. Hale, at Reedsville, Mifflin County, July 2, 1863. He is buried in St. Mark's Cemetery, Lewistown.
JOHN McGEE, JAMES BURNSIDE and ALEXANDER GUINN were admitted at January term, 1834.
JAMES VANHORN was admitted at November term, 1834.
ALEXANDER B. NORRIS was admitted at April term, 1835.
GEORGE W. HARRIS and EDWARD LEVY, admitted at August term, 1835.

MIFFLIN COUNTY.  469

T. CARROLL JUDSON, admitted November term, 1835.
JOHN P. ANDERSON, admitted at April term, 1838. He was a son of Alexander A. Anderson, and moved to Huntingdon County.
THADDEUS BANKS, admitted August term, 1839.
EDMUND S. DOTY admitted at November term, 1839; practiced at Mifflintown.
DAVID CANDOR came from Northumberland County, near Watsontown; studied law, and settled first as a lawyer in Pottsville. About 1839 he was appointed district attorney of the county of Mifflin, and moved to Lewistown, where he remained in practice until his death, in the fall of 1870. His son, Addison Candor, is now an attorney at Williamsport.
HUGH N. McALLISTER, admitted at January term, 1840; practiced at Bellefonte.
JOHN W. SHAW, a native of Lewistown, studied law with David Candor, and with Judge John Reed, of Carlisle; was admitted at January term, 1841; practiced in Lewistown for several years, and still resides in the place, though not engaged in active service.
JACOB A. CHRISTY, admitted at April term, 1841.
WILLIAM H. IRVINE, studied law with Reuben C. Hale; was admitted to the bar in August, 1841, and practiced until the Mexican War, when he enlisted and served. After his return he practiced until 1861, when he again enlisted in the late war, and went out as colonel of the One Hundred and Seventh Regiment. After his return he settled for a few years at Lewistown, but not to engage in practice, and then moved to Indiana, and later to Louisville, Ky., where he died January 17, 1886.
SAMUEL S. WOODS and JAMES K. KELLY were admitted at May term, 1842.
J. J. MACLAY was admitted at January term, 1843.
A. PARKER JACOB, a native of Lewistown, studied law with Andrew Parker, of Mifflin He was admitted to practice in January, 1843 and continued until his death, in 1857.
THOMAS P. CAMPBELL was admitted at April term, 1843.
JOHN S. McVEY was admitted at May term, 1843.
JOSEPH ALEXANDER was a native of Londonderry, Rockingham County, N. H. His education was acquired at Cazenovia Seminary, Madison County, N. Y. In 1833 he came to Mifflin County and taught school for some time in the valley, and later came to Lewistown. being teacher in the Lewistown Academy. While prosecuting his labors as a teacher he studied law with E. L. Benedict. Was admitted to practice in Union County, and by certificate was admitted to the Mifflin County bar at August term, 1843. He was in constant practice until his death. Was married to a daughter of James Alexander, of the valley. A son, Ira Rush Alexander, a graduate of Yale College, entered the army as captain in the Sixteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry, and was killed at Mine Run, Va., November 29, 1863.
JOHN POTTER was admitted at November term, 1843.
J. SEWELL STEWART and PAUL COMYN were admitted at January term, 1844.
D. STEWART ELLIOT, a son of William P. Elliot, of Lewistown, studied law with a Mr. Barclay, of Bedford County, and was admitted to practice in Mifflin County in April, 1844. After practicing a short time he went to Illinois, and from there went to the Mexican War. After the war he returned to Lewistown, but in a few years moved to Iowa. During the Rebellion he enlisted, first with an Iowa regiment and later with the Fourteenth Kansas Cavalry. He was killed at Baxter Springs in October, 1863, while carrying dispatches for General Blunt from Fort Smith to Fort Scott. His son, Lieutenant W. P. Elliot, a graduate of the Naval Academy at Annapolis, is now on board the "Galena," with the North Atlantic Squadron.
DAVID WALKER WOODS, a son of the Rev. James S. Woods, was born in Lewistown August 29, 1822. He was educated at the classical school taught by his father, and studied law with his brother, the late Judge Samuel S. Woods, and also with E. L. Benedict. He was admitted to practice at the bar of Mifflin County August, 1844, practiced for several

470  JUNIATA AND SUSQUEHANNA VALLEYS IN PENNSYLVANIA.

years at New Berlin, and later removed to Lewistown, where he yet resides.
ADAM W. BENEDICT was admitted at August term, 1844.
WILLIAM D. McVEY was admitted at November term, 1844.
D. COOPER was admitted at August term, 1845.
THOMAS MONTGOMERY was admitted at November term, 1845.
ROBERT G. DURHAM was admitted at April term, 1846.
JOHN WILLIAMSON was admitted at November term, 1847.
JAMES BANKS was admitted at January term, 1848.
CHARLES C. SPOTTSWOOD was admitted at April term, 1848.
WILLIAM J. JACOBS was admitted to the bar of Mifflin County in April, 1848; practiced in Lewistown until 1857, when he removed to Lake City, Minn., where he died a few years ago. He was district attorney from 1853 to 1856.
GEORGE W. ELDER, a native of Centre County. After having graduated at Washington College, he entered the law-office of the Hon. Hugh N. McAllister, of Bellefonte, as a student, and, after completing his studies, attended the Law Department of Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. He was admitted to practice at the bar of Mifflin County at January term of court, 1849, and settled at Lewistown, where he has been in continuous practice to the present time. He has two sons engaged in the practice of law
SAMUEL HEPBURN was admitted at July term, 1849.
GEORGE W. KNOX was admitted at August term, 1849.
EDWARD BLANCHARD was admitted at November term, 1849.
WILLIAM M. HALL was admitted at November term, 1849.
SAMUEL E. HENCH and N. B. BROWN were admitted at January term, 1850.
JOSEPH W. PARKER, a son of James Parker, of Lewistown, studied law with A. Parker Jacobs, and was admitted to the bar in April, 1850, after which he went to Peoria, Ill., and practiced a year or two and returned to Lewistown. Here he practiced a short time, when he moved to Pittsburgh, and later to Wheeling, W. Va. While a resident of Wheeling he was a member of the State Legislature. He again returned to Lewistown, practiced law for several years, and was a member of the Pennsylvania State Legislature from Mifflin County in 1875-76. He is now a resident of Clearfield County.
JOSEPH CAREY was admitted at November term, 1850.
WILLIAM DAVIS was admitted at January term, 1851.
JOHN W. SCOTT was admitted at November term, 1851.
G. G. WILLIAMS was admitted at November term, 1851.
WILLIAM S. PRICE and GEORGE W. WOLLASTON were admitted at March term, 1852.
HENRY J. WALTERS, a native of Lewistown, was born September 7, 1812; studied law with E. L. Benedict, and was admitted to practice in August, 1852. For a time he occupied the position of an editor, was engaged in the banking business, and is now in the practice of his profession.
WILLIAM W. BARR was admitted at August term, 1852.
CHARLES C. RAWN and WILLIAM W. BROWN were admitted at April term, 1853.
H. BUCHER SWOOPE was admitted in August, 1853.
ANDREW REED, a native of Kishacoquillas Valley, was a student at the Tuscarora Academy; is a graduate of Dartmouth College and of its Law Department. He also studied law under Judge McCarthy, of Easton, and E. L. Benedict, of Lewistown. Was admitted to the bar in August, 1855, and has continued in practice to the present.
WILLIAM C. A. LAWRENCE Was admitted at August term, 1856.
LLOYD W. WILLIAMS and SAMUEL T. BROWN were admitted at January term, 1857.
THOMAS F. McCOY, a native of what is now Bratton township, was born February 17, 1819.

MIFFLIN COUNTY.  471

He was elected prothonotary of the county in 1850. After moving to Lewistown he commenced the study of law under David W. Woods, Esq., and was admitted to the bar in April, 1857. He has been in constant practice since his admission, with the exception of the time spent in the army during the late war.
GEORGE S. SELDEN and WILLIAM H. WOODS were admitted at November term, 1857.
CHAPMAN BIDDLE was admitted at. January term, 1858.
THOMAS M. HULINGS, a son of David W. Hulings, studied law with Lloyd W. Williams, of Baltimore, and was admitted to practice in that city and also at the Mifflin County bar in 1858. In 1859 he was elected district attorney, and served until the breaking out of the Rebellion, when he enlisted, and served until killed at the battle of the Wilderness, in May, 1864.
JOHN A. McKEE, a native of Lewistown, was born July 2, 1836; studied law with Joseph Alexander, and was admitted to the bar in April, 1859, from which time he has been in constant practice. He was assessor of internal revenue from 1871 to 1873.
THOMAS M. UTTLEY was born in Huntingdon County September 5, 1835; entered the law-office of H. J. Walters, of Lewistown, as a student, and in August, 1859, was admitted to practice in Mifflin County, where he still resides. He was district attorney from 1862 to 1865.
AARON V. PARSONS and JAMES B. BELFORD were admitted at April term, 1860.
CYRUS T. ALEXANDER was admitted at January term, 1861.
JACOB GOOD was admitted at April term, 1861.
WILLIAM J. CRISSWELL was admitted at April term, 1863.
DAVID B. WILSON and RALPH L. MACLAY were admitted at August term, 1863.
DAVID STERRETT was admitted at August term, 1864.
THADDEUS P. STEPHENS was admitted at August term, 1865.
HORACE J. CULBERTSON is a native of Lewistown, and was born May 23, 1842. His father was Dr. James Culbertson, for many years a prominent physician of the county. Mr. Culbertson was educated at the Lewistown Academy and at Lafayette College. He studied law with David W. Woods, of Lewistown, and was admitted to practice at the bar of Mifflin County at the April term of court, 1866. In November, 1871, he was elected district attorney of the county and served for three years. Since his admission he has been in constant practice at Lewistown.
ADAM HOY was admitted at January term, 1867.
CHARLES J. ARMS, a native of New Haven, Conn., came to Lewistown in 1865, and entered the law-office of Alexander & McKee as a student. He was admitted to the bar in August, 1867, practiced in Lewistown about one year, and then removed to Philadelphia, where he is now engaged on the Philadelphia Press.
JAMES C. RAKERD was born in Menno township December 20, 1843; studied law with Andrew Reed, and was admitted to practice in August, 1867. He is still in active practice. In 1868 he was elected district attorney of Mifflin County, and served one full term.
JOHN T. NOURSE was admitted at August term, 1868.
B. B. CHAMBERLAIN was admitted at January term, 1870.
J. ENGLISH WEST was admitted at January term, 1870.
G. W. DE CAMP and T. MCCLURE were admitted at April term, 1871.
CHARLES S. MARKS, a native of the valley, was born March 10, 1845; studied law with David W. Woods, and was admitted to practice in April, 1872, and has continued to the present.
LEWIS POTTER was admitted at November term, 1872.
WILLIAM H. STROHM, a native of Centre County; studied law with Thomas M. Uttley, and was admitted to the bar in 1873. In 1874 was elected district attorney of Mifflin County. He later went to Red Cloud, Neb., and was accidentally killed in 1884.
RUFUS C. ELDER, a son of George W. Elder,

472  JUNIATA AND SUSQUEHANNA VALLEYS IN PENNSYLVANIA.

is a graduate of Princeton College. Studied law with his father, and was admitted to the bar of his native county at April term of court, 1877. He at once entered upon the practice of his profession with his father.
ALLISON W. PORTER was admitted at January term, 1878.
GEORGE R. ELDER, is a son of George W. Elder; graduated at Princeton College, after which he began the study of law under the instructions of his father. He was admitted to the bar in August, 1878, and is now a practicing lawyer at Leadville, Col.
JOSEPH M. WOODS is a son of David W. Woods. Having graduated at Princeton College, he commenced the study of law under the preceptorship of his father. In November, 1878, he was admitted to the bar of Mifflin County, since which time he has been practicing his profession in partnership with his father, at Lewistown.
MICHAEL MCLAUGHLIN studied law with Joseph W. Parker, and was admitted to practice in Mifflin County in January, 1881. He is now located at Mattawana, opposite McVeytown.
WILLIAM C. DAVIS, studied law with Andrew Reed; was admitted at August term, 1881, and went to New York.
NATHANIEL C. Wilson, a native of McVeytown, was born November 17, 1832. In November, 1861, he was elected prothonotary of the county. Later he was appointed clerk in the Land-Office at Harrisburg, which position he held for several years. He studied law with Andrew Reed, and was admitted to practice at the bar of Mifflin County in April, 1882.
G. V. ALEXANDER was admitted to practice in April, 1885.
The following is a list of the president judges, associate judges, district attorneys and attorneys of Mifflin County as accurately as they can be obtained from the records:

PRESIDENT JUDGES.

William Brown, commissioned November 14, 1789.
Thomas Smith, commissioned August 20, 1791.
James Riddle, commissioned August 20, 1795.
Jonathan Walker, commissioned March 1, 180G.
Charles Huston, commissioned August 22, 1818.
Thomas Burnside, commissioned April 20, 182G.
George W. Woodward, commissioned March 30, 1841.
Abraham S. Wilson, commissioned March 30, 1842.
Samuel S. Woods, commissioned December 1, 1861.
Joseph C. Bucher, commissioned November 7, 1871.
Joseph C. Bucher, commissioned November, 1881.

ASSOCIATE JUDGES.

William Brown, commissioned August 17, 1791.
Samuel Bryson, commissioned August 17, 1791.
James Armstrong, commissioned August 17, 1791.
Thomas Beale, commissioned August 17, 1791.
John Oliver, commissioned December 11, 1793.
Joseph Edmiston, commissioned January 4, 1800.
David Beale, commissioned March 17, 1800.
David Reynolds, commissioned November 15, 1828.
James Criswell, commissioned December 22, 1837.
William McCoy, commissioned March 20, 1839.
Samuel P. Lilley, commissioned December 29, 1841.
Joseph Kyle, commissioned February 25, 1843.
Charles Ritz, commissioned February 25, 1847.
Samuel Alexander, commissioned March 18, 1848.
Thomas W. Moore, commissioned November 10, 1851.
John Henry, commissioned November 10, 1851.
James Parker, commissioned November 12, 1856.
Cyrus Stine, commissioned November 12, 1856.
James Turner, commissioned November 23, 1861.
Elijah Morrison, commissioned November 23, 1861.
Ephraim Banks, commissioned November 23, 1866.
William Ross, commissioned November 23, 1866.
Augustus Troxel, appointed January 10, 1871.
Augustus Troxel, elected November 17, 1871.
George Weiler, elected November 17, 1871.
Samuel Belford, commissioned January 1, 1877.
Reed Sample, commissioned January 1, 1877.
John Davis, appointed May 20, 187 9.
John Davis, elected January 1, 1880.
William McMonegle, commissioned January 1, 1882.
Jacob Kohler, commissioned January 1, 1885.
Thomas J. Frow, commissioned January 1, 1886.

DISTRICT ATTORNEYS FROM 1850.*

Joseph Alexander, elected in 1850.
William J. Jacobs, elected in 1853.
Andrew Reed, elected in 1856.
Thomas M. Hulings, elected in 1859.
Thomas M. Uttley, elected in 1862-65.
James S. Rakerd, elected in 1868.
Horace J. Culbertson, elected in 1871.
William H. Strohm, elected in 1874.
Rufus C. Elder, elected in 1877.
Joseph M. Woods, elected in 1880.
Allison W. Porter, elected in 1883.
_____

*Previously deputy attorney-generals of State.

MIFFLIN COUNTY.  473

ATTORNEYS.

James Hamilton, admitted December 8, 1789.
John Clark, admitted December 8, 1789.
Thomas Duncan, admitted December 8, 1789.
George Fisher, admitted December 8, 1789.
Thomas Nisbit, admitted December 8, 1789.
David McKeehan, admitted December 8, 1789.
John Cadwallader, admitted December 8, 1789.
George Duffield, not given.
David Watts, not given.
Charles Hull, not given.
Thomas Burnside, not given.
Thomas Smith, admitted March, 1790.
John A. Hannah, admitted March, 1790.
Jonathan Walker, admitted March, 1790.
Thomas Anderson, admitted March, 1790.
Charles Smith, admitted June, 1790.
Daniel Smith, admitted June, 1790.
Galbraith Patterson, admitted September, 1790.
William Hannah, admitted November, 1796.
Robert McClure, admitted April, 1797.
Richard L. Carmick, admitted April, 1797.
Samuel Roberts, admitted April, 1797.
Elias W. Hale, admitted May, 1798.
William Laird, admitted August, 1798.
Enoch Smith, admitted December, 1798.
Andrew Graff, admitted January, 1799.
John Carson, admitted August, 1799.
William A. Patterson, admitted August, 1799.
Robert Allison, admitted August, 1799.
John Shippen, admitted April, 1800.
Andrew Dunlap, admitted April, 1800.
David Irvine, admitted November, 1800.
John Miles, admitted April, 1801.
James Dunlap, admitted August, 1801.
Thomas Gemmil, admitted April, 1802.
William Orbison, admitted April, 1802.
John Wallace, admitted May, 1803.
Alexander Lyon, admitted November, 1803.
James Orbison, admitted April, 1805.
Walker Reed, admitted April, 1805.
Isaac Brown Parker, admitted August, 1806.
William Norris, admitted August, 1806.
William R. Smith, admitted January, 1809.
John B. Gibson, admitted January, 1810.
George Ross, admitted January, 1811.
A. A. Anderson, admitted August, 1811.
John Johnston, admitted August, 1811.
William W. Potter, admitted May, 1814.
Andrew Carothers, admitted May, 1814.
Daniel S. Houghton, admitted August, 1814.
John Blanchard, admitted April, 1815.
Thomas Blair, admitted January, 1816.
Robert Craig, admitted August, 1817.
Benjamin R. Stevens, admitted November, 1817.
William W. Kennedy, admitted January, 1818.
James McDowell, admitted August. 1818.
David W. Hulings, admitted August, 1818.
Gratz Etting, admitted August, 1818.
Mordecai McKinney, admitted August, 1818.
E. L. Benedict, admitted August, 1818.
James Steel, admitted August, 1818.
John Tod, admitted August, 1818.
John D. Mahon, admitted August, 1818.
John Banks, admitted April, 1819.
Samuel Alexander, admitted January, 1820.
Barton McMullen, admitted January, 1822.
Ephraim Banks, admitted April, 1822.
Abraham S. Wilson, admitted April, 1822.
Andrew Walker, admitted August, 1822.
Henry Shippen, admitted August, 1822.
William Patton, admitted April, 1823.
Thomas McDonald, admitted April, 1823.
William Maclay Hall, admitted April, 1823.
Thomas Knox, admitted January, 1824.
James M. Bell, admitted August, 1824.
Thomas Nixon Vandyke, admitted August, 1824.
John Williamson, admitted August, 1824.
Bond Valentine, admitted April, 1825.
Robert Wallace, admitted November, 1825.
E. L. Dunbar, admitted November, 1826.
James Mathers, admitted August, 1827.
Robert Fleming, admitted January, 1829.
A. P. Wilson, admitted January, 1829.
James Howard Penrose, admitted April, 1830.
Thomas Craighead, admitted August, 1830.
Charles W. Kelsoe, admitted November, 1830.
Matthew D. Gregg, admitted November, 1830.
Benjamin Patton, Jr., admitted November, 1830.
Samuel S. Wharton, admitted April, 1831.
James Tracy Hale, admitted in February, 1832.
Edgar B. Todd, admitted in April, 1832.
John Hoge Waugh, admitted in August, 1832.
William A. Rogers, admitted in January, 1833.
Hamilton Sample, admitted in August, 1833.
Reuben M. Hale, admitted in November, 1833.
John McGee, admitted in January, 1834.
James Burnside, admitted in January, 1834.
Alexander Gwinn, admitted in January, 1834.
James Vanhorn, admitted in November, 1834.
Alexander B. Norris, admitted in April, 1835.
George W. Harris, admitted in August, 1835.
Edward Leavy, admitted in August, 1835.
T. Carroll Judson, admitted in November, 1835.
John P. Anderson, admitted in April, 1838.
Thaddeus Banks, admitted in August, 1839.
Edmund S. Doty, admitted in November, 1839.
Hugh Nelson McAllister, admitted in January, 1840.
John W. Shaw, admitted in January, 1841.
James A. Christy, admitted in April, 1841.
William H. Irwin, admitted in August, 1841.
Samuel S. Woods, admitted in May, 1842.
James K. Kelley, admitted in May, 1842.
J. J. Maclay, admitted in January, 1843.
A. Parker Jacob, admitted in January. 1843.
Thomas B. Campbell, admitted in April, 1843.

474  JUNIATA AND SUSQUEHANNA VALLEYS IN PENNSYLVANIA.

John S. McVey, admitted in May, 1843.
Joseph Alexander, admitted in August, 1843.
John Potter, admitted in November, 1843.
J. Sewell Stewart, admitted in January, 1844.
Paul Comyn, admitted in January, 1844.
D. Stewart Elliott, admitted in April, 1844.
David W. Woods, admitted in August, 1844.
Adin W. Benedict, admitted in August, 1844.
William D. McVey, admitted in November, 1844.
D. Cooper, admitted in August, 1845.
Thomas Montgomery, admitted in November, 1845.
Robert G. Durham, admitted in April, 1846.
John Williamson, admitted in November, 1847.
James Banks, admitted in January, 1848.
Charles C. Spottswood, admitted in April, 1848.
William J. Jacobs, admitted in April, 1848.
George W. Elder, admitted in January, 1849.
Samuel Hepburn, admitted in July, 1849.
George W. Knox, admitted in August, 1849.
Edward Blanchard, admitted in November, 1849.
William M. Hall, admitted in November, 1849.
Samuel E. Hench, admitted in January, 1850.
N. B. Brown, admitted in January, 1850.
Joseph W. Parker, admitted in April, 1850.
Joseph Casey, admitted in November, 1850.
William Dorris, admitted in January, 1851.
John W. Scott, admitted in November, 1851.
G. G. Williams, admitted in November, 1851.
William S. Price, admitted in March, 1852.
George W. Wollaston, admitted in March, 1852.
Henry J. Walters,* admitted in August, 1852.
William W. Barr, admitted in August, 1852.
Charles C. Rawn, admitted in April, 1853.
William W. Brown, admitted in April, 1853.
H. Bucher Swoope, admitted in August, 1853.
Andrew Reed, admitted in August, 1855.
William C. A. Lawrence, admitted in August, 1856.
Lloyd W. Williams, admitted in January, 1857.
Samuel T. Brown, admitted in January, 1857.
Thomas F. McCoy, admitted in April, 1857.
George S. Selden, admitted in November, 1857.
William H. Woods, admitted in November, 1857.
Chapman Biddle, admitted in January, 1858.
John A. McKee, admitted in April, 1859.
Thomas M. Uttley, admitted in August, 1859.
Anson V. Parsons, admitted in April, 1860.
James B. Belford, admitted in April, 1860.
Cyrus T. Alexander, admitted in January, 1861.
Jacob Good, admitted in April, 1861.
William J. Chriswell, admitted in April, 1863.
David B. Wilson, admitted in August, 1863.
Ralph L. Maclay, admitted in August, 1863.
David Sterrett, admitted in August, 1864.
Thaddeus P. Stevens, admitted in August, 1865
Horace J. Culbertson, admitted in April, 1866.
Adam Hoy, admitted in January, 1867.
Charles J. Arms, admitted in August, 1867.
James S. Rakerd, admitted in August, 1867.
John T. Nourse, admitted in August, 1868.
B. B. Chamberlain, admitted in January, 1870.
J. English West,** admitted in January, 1870.
G. W. De Camp, admitted in April, 1871.
John T. McClure, admitted in April, 1871.
Charles S. Marks, admitted in April, 1872.
Albert W. Potter, admitted in April, 1872.
Thomas J. Smith, admitted in August, 1872.
John P. Cronimiller, admitted in August, 1872.
Adolphus F. Alexander, admitted in August, 1872.
Lewis Potter, admitted in November, 1872.
Charles Hower, admitted in August, 1873.
E. S. Murtrie, admitted in November, 1873.
William H. Strohm, admitted in November, 1873.
John B. Kisinard, admitted in April, 1874.
M. M. McNeil, admitted in August, 1875.
R. Bruce Petrikin, admitted in August, 1875.
R. Milton Speer, admitted in August, 1875.
Henry E. Shafer, admitted in August, 1876.
Leonard N. Myers, admitted in August, 1876.
George W. Sigler, admitted in August, 1876.
Rufus C. Elder, admitted in April, 1877.
George B. Orlady, admitted in April, 1877.
A. M. Pfaler, admitted in April, 1877.
Alfred J. Patterson, admitted in April, 1877.
Louis E. Atkinson, admitted in April, 1877.
Herman H. North, admitted in April, 1877.
Allison W. Porter, admitted in January, 1878.
George R. Elder, admitted in August, 1878.
Joseph M. Woods, admitted in November, 1878.
D. Smith Talbot, admitted in April, 1880.
R. Jones Monaghan, admitted in April, 1880.
P. M. Lytle, admitted in August, 1880.
William A. Sponsler, admitted in November, 1880.
Charles A. Barnett, admitted in November, 1880.
J. H. Junkin, admitted in November, 1880.
Charles J. McIntire, admitted in November, 1880.
Michael McLaughlin, admitted in January, 1881.
Mason Irwin, admitted in April, 1881.
S. W. Allen, admitted in April, 1881.
_____

*Readmitted August, 1867.
**Readmitted August, 1877.

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