TIPS & TRICKS
GENEALOGY DEFINITIONS, TERMS,
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Easement: the liberty,
advantage, privilege or right which one has in lands of another (ie. a right of
Encumbrance: a liability, charge, claim or lien attached to and
binding real property; as a judgment, unpaid taxes, or a right of way.
Enfeoff: to make a gift of
things which may be directly inherited (ie. land, heirlooms) to another.
The deed of conveyance is a feoffment.
Et Ux: the abbreviation for et uxor, meaning "and wife"
where a grantor's wife joins him in the conveyance.
Executor: A persons named in a will to carry out its provisions.
Fee Simple: An ownership in real property, free from all conditions
Grantee: a buyer of real estate.
Grantor: the seller of real estate.
Hereditaments: things which may be directly inherited.
Judgment: A decree, a court declaring that one individual is
indebted to another and fixing the amount of such debt.
Lien: a claim which one person has upon property of another as
security for a debt, judgment, mortgage or taxes.
Life Estate: An estate or interest held during the term of some
certain person's life.
Messuage: dwelling-house with the adjacent buildings and land
(sometimes enclosed, like a courtyard).
Plan or Plat Book: a public record of various recorded plans, or
subdivisions in the municipality or county.
Power of Attorney: an instrument authorizing another to act as
one's agent or attorney.
Quitclaim: a deed giving title where the grantor only releases
whatever title he had (he may be one of a group owning the property being
Release: the relinquishment, concession or giving up of a right,
claim, or privilege, by the person in whom it exists or to whom it accrues, to
the person against whom it might have been demanded or enforced.
Sheriff Deed: A deed to property sold by a sheriff in virtue of his
authority as an officer holding process.
Tax Deed: A deed for property sold at public sale by a unit of
government as a county, for non-payment of taxes.
Tenancy In Common: An estate held by two or more persons, each of
whom is considered as being possessed of the whole of an undivided part.
Title: Evidence of ownership, referring to the quality of the