To the Senate and House of Representatives
of the State of Pennsylvania:
GENTLEMEN: In compliance with the directions
of the act of assembly, approved the 25th day of May, A.D. 1889, creating the
same, the Commission having in charge the "children in the soldiers' orphan
schools and other institutions employed as soldiers' orphan homes and
schools," respectfully reports:
That it has now under its care three different schools, Chester Springs, Harford
and Uniontown. Also children in the Church Home, at Angora; Pennsylvania
Training School for Feeble-Minded Children, at Elwyn, Delaware county; St.
John's Orphan Asylum, at Philadelphia; St. Paul's Orphans' Home, at Butler;
Tressler Orphans' Home, at Loysville, and the Industrial School, Philadelphia.
The aggregate number of children under the care of the Commission at date of
last report, May 31, 1891, was 860. The number at this date is 638. In the
schools under the direct care of the Commission there are 623 children, and in
the various other homes and schools, fifteen.
By resolution of the Commission, at its last quarterly meeting, in April, it was
decided to transfer the soldiers' orphans in the Tressler Orphans' Home, at
Loysville, to the schools in charge of the Commission, the distribution being
made as follows: Chester Springs, thirty-three, Harford, two and Uniontown,
The number of children in the schools is rapidly decreasing. No children can be
admitted, while those arriving at the age of sixteen years are discharged by
law, and in addition to these discharges some are discharged upon application of
parents or guardians before arriving at sixteen years, for good and sufficient
There were at one time throughout the state forty-four of these schools, homes
and other institutions. At the organization of the Commission there were eleven
under its immediate supervision. Of these, Mercer, McAlistersville, Chester
Springs and Mansfield were closed at once, Mount Joy and White Hall in the year
1890, Soldiers' Orphan Institute and St. Paul's Home in 1891, and the Tressler
Home on May 31, 1892. The Chester Springs school was reopened in 1890.
The health of the children has been excellent, no cases of serious illness
having occurred during the year. The closest attention and care has been given
the sanitary condition of all the buildings, ventilation, drainage and heating
having received the especial attention of the executive committee, and to this,
coupled with the location of the schools and the out-door exercises of the
children, is doubtless to a great extent due the fact that nowhere in the state
can be found a healthier and happier body of little ones.
The appropriation for the two years, ending May 31, 1892, and May 31, 1893, was
two hundred and eighty five thousand eight hundred and eight dollars and
eight-one cents ($285,808.81), this includes one hundred and sixty-two thousand
eight hundred and eight dollars and eighty-one cents ($162,808.81), an
unexpended balance from former appropriations. There has been expended of this
appropriation, for the year ending May 31, 1892, one hundred sixteen thousand
two hundred and seventy-two dollars and eighty-eight cents ($116,272.88). The
amount available for the year ending May 31, 1893, is one hundred and sixty-nine
thousand five hundred and thirty-five dollars and ninety-three cents
($169,535.93). The rapid decrease in the population of the schools, together
with the legal restrictions, that not more than one hundred and forty dollars
($140.00) per capita can be expended, will leave a large unexpended balance at
the close of the year ending May 31, 1893, and which will materially reduce the
appropriation required for the continuance of the schools. Of the one hundred
and forty dollars per capita appropriated there has been expended for the care,
maintenance and education of the children, one hundred and thirty-nine dollars
and ninety-two cents ($139.92) per capita.
The Commission submit the following as a statement of appropriations needed for
the years ending May 31, 1894 and May 31, 1895:
Approximate unexpended balance, May 31, 1893, $67,000.00
Estimated expenses, year ending May 31, 1894, . . . . . 75,000.00
Estimated expenses, year ending May 31, 1895, . . . . . 55,000.00
Less unexpended balance as above, . . . . . . . . . . . . 67,000.00
Additional appropriation required, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 63,000.00
The public press, the comrades of the grand army, the parents and friends of the
children, and the neighbors of the various schools, have united in one common
expression of content and satisfaction. As there has been no case of illness, so
there has been no infraction of discipline, beyond the minor faults attributable
to the inexperience and restlessness of youth, and easily controlled by those in
immediate charge. The examination of the scholars, by the different members of
the Commission, has developed the important fact, that, added to the learning
from text-books, they are also taught to think. These examinations, gratifying
and interesting in the extreme, were attended by hundreds of neighbors and
friends, and the different managers and the faculties under their respective
care are deserving of the highest commendation for the successful result,
evidencing, as it does, continuous and conscientious work on all the lines laid
down for them. The moral, mental and physical condition of the scholars is the
best evidence of duty well performed, and is the highest commendation that could
be bestowed, where all are so meritorious.
The three schools under the charge of the Commission are located as follows:
Chester Springs, Chester county, on line of the Pickering Valley railroad; at
Jumonville on mountain near Uniontown, Fayette county, and at Harford,
Susquehanna county. While these schools are not in the immediate vicinity of the
great centers of population, they are easy of access and each a community within
itself. The health of he children is probably the best evidence of the
healthfulness of the locations.
In the last report it was said, "It is suggested that a weak spot in the
system is found in the graduation of the scholars when they arrive at the age of
sixteen years." This assertion is repeated and emphasized. This is a tender
age, and one full of difficulties and temptations. And yet these scholars are
discharged from the schools and sent forth into life, inexperienced as to its
troubles, and unequipped for the hard battles before them. It is to the credit
of these schools, that those who enjoyed their benefits are among the most
thrifty and respected of our citizens.
But it is suggested the state might increase her influence over these wards and
help them in the struggle for their future maintenance.
For the care of the soldiers' orphans the state has expended a vast amount of
money, but she has received a rich return in the advanced and reputable
citizenship of those who were her wards but who now do her honor. Proud as the
commonwealth may be of all she has done for the soldier and the soldiers'
orphans, is there not something yet to be done? Are there not other soldiers and
their children entitled to her bounty? Shall not the soldier who brought honor
to her standard in war, and for more than a quarter of a century has contributed
to her progress and her citizenship in peace, be entitled to the same
consideration as those who enjoyed her bounty, with no greater claim upon her?
The infirmities of war, and of years in many cases, render the veteran unable to
care for and educate his family. It will not be argued that there exists any
necessity or demand for the general opening of the schools, but cases do exist
where vagrancy will be the lot of the soldiers' orphan or his children unless
the state shall exercise a watchful and paternal care over them. Happily the
cases are but few. It seems easy to decide as to whether vagrancy or honorable
citizenship conduces to the honor of the state. Why not provide for a system of
education--industrial or otherwise as may be determined upon--limit the
admission to said schools or institutions to a fixed minimum and provide that
preference in admission thereto shall be given to the soldiers' orphan and after
that admission be given to the necessitous and deserving orphans other than
soldiers' orphans. Teach them trades or rudiments of business that will equip
them to go into the world and maintain themselves; teach them thrift instead of
These thoughts are submitted for the serious consideration of your honorable
body in the hope that such legislation may be had as will give the full measure
of justice to the soldier and his children while guarding with the utmost care
the honor and integrity of the state.
For the minutia of the work and its itemized detail, your honorable bodies are
respectfully referred to the annexed tables, and the reports of the inspectors,
also attached, which, together, will more conclusively show the work of the
year, and some, at least, of the results thereof.
ROBERT E. PATTISON,
THOMAS G. SAMPLE,
[The above information was transcribed from pages 7-10.]
REPORTS OF INSPECTORS.
REPORT OF FRANK J. MAGEE.
WRIGHTSVILLE, PA., August 1, 1892.
To the Commission of Soldiers' Orphan Schools, Harrisburg, Pa.:
GENTLEMEN: I have the honor to submit my report for the year ending June 30
last. Pursuant to directions of the Commission, at the time of my appointment, I
have visited and inspected each school, not less than once every month and made
report of the same, which are of record in the department. In consequence of
such monthly returns, much that may be contained herein, will be found a
reiteration of matter found in said communications.
My visitations included a thorough inspection of the school buildings and the
grounds and outbuildings appurtenant thereto, a careful observation of
everything appertaining to the dining rooms, kitchens, dormitories and
lavatories, an examination of the food furnished and the manner of its
preparation, a close scrutiny of the appearance of the children and condition of
the clothing worn by them, visits to class and study rooms, observing minutely
the methods of instruction and disciplinary work on part of those employed for
these important duties, and attention to all matters conducive to the best
interests of the schools. These frequent visitations had a salutary effect and
prompted such are, watchfulness and the exercise of every effort on part of
those immediately connected with the school so as to avoid adverse criticism
after the most exacting inspection. The year just closed has been a gratifying
one and has repaid to a very great degree the earnest labors of the Commission
and those they have associated with them in the management of the schools. I am
confident that the advancement in every particular, made during the year, far
surpasses that of any previous year.
Eminently satisfactory as the result of the year's work has been, I cannot but
regret that the mandates of laws, governing and providing for these
institutions, requires the dismissal of the children at the age of sixteen
years. A great number of them have no homes and a greater number still must
return to the care of those who are ill adapted to take proper care and charge
of them. Sixteen years is rather a tender age to throw children upon their own
resources to begin life's battle or to be remanded to the custody of those whose
lives are at variance with the salutary instructions and training imparted to
them in these schools.
I am glad to say, however, during the yea a number of children so circumstanced,
through the efforts of the members of the Commission and friends, secured good
homes, but not all have been so fortunate. Was the term of their stay at school
fixed at eighteen, and two years of the period devoted to instruction in
industrial or manual training, it would prove of incalculable advantage to them,
when obliged to depart the schools, and they would be much better equipped to
confront the perils of life and the more readily secure remunerative employement.
During the year I have received numerous letters from different parts of the
state, seeking admission for children, of lately deceased veterans of the war,
to the schools. The provisions of the latest laws, relative to soldiers' orphan
schools, suggested like replies to all such communications. Many statements
contained in a number of these petitions certainly appeal very forcibly to the
generous and patriotic spirit which the restrictions now existing and continue
its fostering care over these fatherless children, that they may be rescued from
the cold charity of the world, and perhaps, from vagrancy and crime. The State
of Pennsylvania has nobly and justly fulfilled her duty, in past years, to the
orphans of deceased soldiers and the children of those veterans who, through
adversities, became indigent and destitute; the same justice, strong, inflexible
and enduring, to-day, appeals for a continuance of like care, treatment and
protection to the children of veterans of the late war, who for many years
battled with adversity and have lately died leaving little children in penury
and want. The exercise of justice by the commonwealth to this class of destitute
children, in years past, made thousands of citizens who are at present found
leading useful and honorable lives. Poverty and ignorance tend to increase every
species of crime. Truly, therefore, it would be the strictest economy and
exhibit the highest wisdom, that the commonwealth should continue to provide for
its destitute children and enact such laws that every child so circumstanced,
within its limits, should receive the benefits of an education.
The Commission was indeed fortunate in the selection and appointment of
managers, teachers and employes at the different institutions under their
immediate control and supervision. Almost without exception their respective
duties and employment were discharged with honesty and fidelity to the best
interest of all concerned. The managers of the different schools are eminently
qualified for the high and responsible positions occupied by them and exhibit a
proper appreciation of the weighty obligations incumbent upon them, in assuming
charge of the many children, looking after their comfort, intellectual, moral
and religious training, and exacting from those engaged with and under them a
like interest in everything appertaining to the welfare and proper education of
the children. The teachers have been faithful in the discharge of their duties;
earnest, industrious and painstaking they have achieved the most gratifying
results and contributed very much to the happiness and contentment of the
children under their charge. The government of the schools has been considerate,
judicious and kind, and in but few instances has it been necessary, during the
year, to inflict corporal punishment meted out to two incorrigible boys by
action of Commission in the early part of term, had a most salutary effect and
no attempt at escape have since been made. The children are happy and contented,
thus testifying that they are kindly cared for and that every endeavor is made
that their stay at school may be pleasant and homelike. I do not think that
there can be found in any institution a more joyous, happier and brighter class
of children, than to be seen at these orphan schools. The educational features
receive the most careful attention; every school is systematically graded and
studies allotted to meet the capacities of the pupils of each grade. I always
found a desire on part of the teachers to impart thorough instruction and take
time to give the pupils an intelligent understanding of the subject under
consideration, and to these facts I attribute the very excellent showing of the
pupils at the annual examinations, that elicited from prominent educators
present surprise and commendation. The curriculum prepared for the highest or
most advanced grade includes algebra, geometry, civil government, natural
philosophy, grammar, book-keeping and physical geography, and in these branches
many of the children at the closing exercises, displayed a knowledge not
frequently equaled by children of like ages in other institutions of learning.
Vocal music and other branches form always a part of the course of each grade.
Physical education has also received deserved attention. The girls receive
careful instruction in this particular. Calisthenic drills are systematically
kept up and the precision, grace and vim they exhibit generally in this work,
show excellent training. The boys are now drilled in the "New Infantry
Regulations," and already have made commendable progress. The
"setting-up exercises" as laid down in the new tactics are more varied
than in the old, but the boys generally have mastered them and perform the most
difficult with apparent ease.
The moral and religious training of the children at all the schools receive
merited attention. Morning and evening exercises consisting of singing, prayer
and reading of the scriptures, are daily held in the chapel. Sunday schools and
preaching are attended on Sunday. Sectarian instructions has been carefully
The deportment of the children, whether on the play-grounds or in the buildings,
has generally deserved commendation. Although watchful, I failed during the
year, to hear any profanity or improper language from any of the children.
Almost without exception they are found to be polite and good-mannered, and
meeting with friends or strangers pass the usual courtesies in a proper manner.
The residents of the neighborhood, in which the schools are located speak highly
of the conduct of the children and say they are entirely free from the annoyance
to which they were subjected in years gone by and many of these people have
become warmly interested in the schools. It is certainly a very great pleasure
to make mention of these facts, as an evidence that the children are obedient
and at all times respect the rights and property of others, when not accompanied
by those having authority over them.
The health of the children at all schools, throughout the year, was remarkably
good. There was comparatively but little sickness and that of a mild character,
yielding readily to medical treatment. How thankful one should feel to be able
to so report, as during the year, in localities adjoining some of the schools,
diphtheria and other epidemics were prevalent and very many children fell
victims to such diseases.
The amount of the per capita allowance for each child, set aside to purchase
clothing, has never been so wisely and judiciously expended as during the year.
The very best was obtained for the limited amount, and each child was possessed
of an outfit at the close of year, never before equaled in quality and quantity
since the existence of the orphan schools. The amount of clothing possessed by
each girl was ample to furnish changes for detail, school and Sunday wear, and
sufficient at all times for the purpose of cleanliness. The same can be said of
the clothing furnished the boys. The dress material purchased for the girls was
generally of various colors,--the uniformity of past years in this particular
abandoned,--was tastefully made and fitted with much care, so also a greater
variety in style in head-gear for the girls was introduced. The clothing
furnished to the boys continued to be of uniform style and color, but more more
satisfactory in make-up.
The food furnished was varied, plentiful and healthful. The preparation of the
same was given much attention, was generally well cooked and served in a manner
to be inviting. A full list of edibles furnished at every meal each day, is
required from the managers of the schools at the end of the week. The Commission
thus kept informed in this particular.
Examination day at all institutions of learning is generally hailed by the
students with joyous welcome. The pupils of the soldiers' orphan schools are no
exception to the rule. When the time appointed for the examinations at the
different schools arrived, a hearty greeting awaited the members of the
Commission, friends and visitors at each school.
Owing to the rapid diminution of soldiers' orphans in the schools, and the
provisions of the law looking to the final closing of these schools, the
Commission decided to transfer the children at Tressler's Home, Loysville, that
would be there at end of the school term, June 30th last, to other schools under
their immediate control, hence the examination was fixed to take place on May 17
and 18. Messrs. George G. Boyer and Thomas J. Stewart were the only members of
the Commission present at the examination of this school. Among the prominent
visitors attending were Rev. W.H. Dunbar and Mr. F.C. Fink, of the trustees, and
Prof. L.O. Foose, superintendent of Harrisburg school district. The examinations
passed off very creditably, reflecting much credit upon Prof. Millar and his
assistants for efficient work. The others connected with this institution
deserving the highest commendation are Miss E. Epply, as matron, and Mr. C. A.
Widle, manager. Much of the improvement noticed at this school is due to their
The examination at Chester Springs was held on June 22 and 23. There were bright
and joyous days for every one connected with this school. The early train, June
22, brought the following members of the commission: Governor Robert E. Pattison,
Thomas J. Stewart, George G. Boyer, George W. Skinner, G. Harry Davis, Thomas G.
Sample and William F. Stewart, also distinguished visitors and friends. The
battalion of soldiers' orphans accompanied by band, composed of pupils of the
school, awaited the arrival of the party at the station and escorted the
Governor to the school. After a short service of song by the children, the
examinations were commenced and continued until noon, resumed in the afternoon
and on the morning of the 23d. In these examinations, Rev. Dr. Leak, of
Harrisburg; Prof. Thos. May Pierce, Rev. John W. Sayers, General B.F. Fisher and
others took a prominent part with members of the Commission. The children
acquitted themselves very creditably, surprising their inquistitors by readiness
in responding and degree of their attainments. In the evening the visitors were
delightfully entertained by the children at an exhibition consisting of vocal
music, declamations and other exercises, that received much applause. During the
day every apartment was open to inspection of visitors, and general commendation
was expressed at the order, completeness and cleanliness everywhere found. In
the early evening a drill in calisthenics by the girls, and one by the boys in
the new infantry drill tactics were given, both of which were exceedingly well
done and exhibited close attention to detailed instruction. Much praise is due
to Manager J. H. Smith, Prof. M. L. Thounhurst, the assistant teachers and
others connected with the institution, for their earnest discharge of duties.
Almost without exception they have proved eminently satisfactory. I
unhesitatingly say that this school has made most wonderful progress during the
June 24 and 25 was the time appointed for examination of Harford school. Thomas
J. Stewart, George G. Boyer, Ezra H. Ripple, William F. Stewart and G. Harry
Davis, of the Commission, were present. Upon arrival upon the campus of the
school the members of the Commission were welcomed with music, the pupils in
military array and a large assemblage of visitors. The first in the order of
exercises was a song of welcome, and the raising of a beautiful national flag to
the top of a stately staff. The examinations were then commenced, conducted by
members of the Commission and assisted by Superintendent of Commons Schools B.E.
James. The pupils throughout the entire examination acquitted themselves in a
highly satisfactory manner, displaying the results of a careful, conscientious
and intelligent instruction and fully sustaining the past record of the
institution. Manager J. M. Clark and his able faculty deserve commendation for
their earnest and painstaking work of the past year. The entertainment in the
evening in which the pupils alone participated, proved delightfully interesting
and throughout received merited approbation. The military drill of the boys, and
the other drill exercises by the girls, were exceedingly well performed. The
school in all its departments was found in excellent condition.
The final examination of the schools, took place, June 27th and 28th, at
Uniontown. Members of the Commission present were Thomas J. Stewart, George G.
Boyer, Ezra H. Ripple, Michael B. Lemon and Thomas G. Sample. A large number of
visitors also attended the closing exercises. The examinations were conducted by
members of the Commission and although they proved in the main very
satisfactory, yet there seemed to be a lack of enthusiasm on part of pupils in a
number of the grades. Rev. J.A. Waters, manager, Prof. M.L. Dartt and his
assistants have labored very assiduously during the year and in the educational
features of the school, the marked improvement shows that their zeal and
industry have been crowned with much success. The buildings throughout were
closely inspected and their adaption and condition were favorably commented
upon. The military drill proved far superior to that of former years, also the
same may be said of the drill exercises of the girls. The exhibition exercises
of the evening by the children, was enjoyed by the audience.
In giving the foregoing summary of the final examinations, I do not wish to
create the impression that at any of the schools perfection has been attained.
There is still room for further improvement at the schools. The general summing
up of the work during the year at the different schools however show a disparity
in grand results, some achieving greater success than others. That there may be
no retrogression during the ensuing year, earnestness, industry, and persistency
must be exercised by every one having aught to do with the schools,
In conclusion, allow me to tender my congratulations to you for the excellent
condition of the soldiers' orphan schools, which all acknowledge to be due to
your unselfish and untiring administration of affairs connected therewith; and
for the many kindnesses and courtesies received from the members of the
Commission and the respect and welcome greetings always extended me by the
managers, teachers and employes when visiting the schools in my official
capacity, I am indeed grateful.
FRANK J. MAGEE,
[The above was extracted from pages 31-36.]
REPORT OF MISS JENNIE MARTIN.
DAYTON, July 13, 1892.
To the Commission of Soldiers' Orphan Schools:
GENTLEMEN: I have the honor of submitting my third annual report. Another year
with its multiplied responsibilities has passed away, and the future alone can
tell the full results of its arduous labors and care.
For myself I have found the duties entrusted to me sometimes wearisome, often
trying, yet pleasant withal. A consciousness of the nobleness of the work and
its possible effects well repay me for all the pains and trials necessary to its
My visits during the year have been as regular as possible and without
omission--once a month--my single motive has been the support of the Commission
and the welfare of the schools.
The monthly reports being more specific, I propose in this to be more summary
In view of the number of children in the schools, these
seem to be now amply sufficient to meet all requirements. At Chester Springs the
buildings are in excellent condition, and of late the chapel and dining room
have been handsomely papered and the walls ornamented with pictures. The
lavatory and bathing arrangements here, of the girls, will compare favorably
with that of the best hotels. At Uniontown, the buildings have been repainted,
with additional repairs. At Harford a new lavatory was fitted up for the girls,
and each school seems to take a laudable pleasure in striving to have the
buildings and grounds kept in a profitable, cleanly and comfortable condition
and as well ornamented as may be.
While it is true that a number of the
pupils have, at times, required attention, and even careful nursing, yet all
have been spared and the health of the school has been remarkably good during
the year and although epidemics of diphtheria, scarlet and typhoid fevers, etc.,
prevailed in the immediate neighborhood of some of the schools, nothing of a
contagious nature entered their doors.
One girl, from Chester Springs, was treated at Will's hospital, Philadelphia,
for sore eyes, and one from Uniontown was treated at Connellsville for the same
disease. Both these cases are chronic, and although the partial cure may not
prove lasting, yet much benefit seems to have been derived from this special
Dr. Philipps, of Connellsville, who makes a specialty of the eye, is deserving
of all praise for much kind and gratuitous attention to the children at
Teachers and pupils have seemed alike interested, and I
feel that good, honest efforts have been put forth in the different schools an a
good year's work has been accomplished. As no additional pupils have been
admitted since 1887, what has heretofore been known as the primary department
will be classed as intermediate work.
Uniontown far excels the other schools in prospective and free-hand drawing, oil
painting, water colors, crayon work and designing in oilcloth and wall paper.
Miss La Rue, of Philadelphia, has had charge of this department for several
years, and her efforts reflect much credit on herself and the school.
In a previous report I recommended a uniformity of text-books, as nearly as
possible; also that Prof. Thounhurt's course of study, as used at Chester
Springs, be adopted in all the schools. I would still like to respectfully urge
this change upon the attention of those concerned.
The literary societies (of which each school has one) and such exercises seem to
be well kept up.
Colonel Ripple, of Scranton, remembered the Harford children with quite an
addition of volumes to their library. The books were carefully selected and will
do much toward establishing a correct literary taste among the children.
Through the kindness of Mr. Sample, of Allegheny, the Uniontown children are
made glad many times.
Vocal music is taught in all the schools, and quite a number are taking lessons
in instrumental music. Harford and Chester Springs have brass bands and
Uniontown a drum corps.
CALISTHENICS AND MILITARY DRILL.
The boys are taught military drill and the
girls take calisthenics.
Colonel Magee's close examination of the educational department and his
inspection of the drill during his visitations has been very beneficial.
The regular routine detail system, of each child working
two hours during the day, has been kept up all year. I trust another year will
bring still more satisfactory results in the industrial department of the
The clothing is carefully selected by Mr. Boyer, and is of good material, neat,
abundant and tasty and usually well made up. Indeed, I think no reasonable
person could ask for more. I wish to add that I endeavored to take extra pains
to see that the children and their clothing should be specially well prepared
for their vacation, so as to be a commendation of all of the schools.
The food has been of good quality, sufficient in quantity,
of nice variety and usually well prepared. The bread was not always what it
should have been, but arrangements are being made by which this will doubtless
be improved. The conveniences for cooking, the supply of food and the table
furnishings are annually improving and (with perhaps a single exception), will
now compare favorably with those of the normal schools of the state. I venture
to add that I would like to see more of the feeling, "we are all of one
family," and the children, teachers, employes, visitors and all connected
with the schools being served at table without the unpleasant distinction which
I find, in some places, prevalent.
Attention is given to religious instructions in all the
schools. At Chester Springs distance prevents a regular attendance in winter,
and I hope more effort will be made to supply (at least occasionally) this lack.
Matters of religion, of course, are delicate things to touch upon, but no one
can doubt that these children ought to be religiously trained so as to lead
moral, useful and sober lives, nor can any one fear they can, or are likely to
be trained overmuch.
The several examinations took place at the time appointed
and were well attended. They were conducted by the Commission, assisted by
principals, teachers and such others as might be called upon. Among these
examiners mention might well be made of Governor Pattison, Thomas J. Stewart,
Frank J. Magee, George G. Boyer, G. Harry Davis, Michael B. Lemon, Ezra H.
Ripple, George W. Skinner, William F. Stewart, Thomas G. Sample, Jacob Crouse,
Chaplain Sayers and Prof. Pierce, of Philadelphia.
Among the visitors were Captain Boyer's mother, Mrs. Thomas J. Stewart, Mrs.
George G. Boyer, Mrs. Frank J. Magee, David and Mrs. McClure, Chaplain J. W.
Sayers, Mr. and Mrs. Garwood, of Philadelphia, Mr. and Mrs. Lovett, Major
Spicer, Joseph Pomeroy, of Harrisburg, and sister, of Norristown.
Chester Springs was the only school honored with the presence of Governor
Pattison, who gave an address in reply to welcome of Miss Daisy Grimes, who
spoke in behalf of the school. The Governor expressed himself as being well
pleased with what he saw and heard.
I cannot close this report without once again giving utterance to my deep sense
of obligation to the Commission, one and all, and I would indeed be ungrateful
if I failed to acknowledge the valuable assistance freely given, whenever called
upon, by Captain Boyer and Colonel Stewart, that I might the better discharge
the duties which rested upon me. I am also indebted to clerks, Messrs. Pomeroy
and Patterson, who have at all times promptly and willingly responded to all
inquiries made for information.