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This is one of the most fertile and beautiful valleys in Perry County, and was among the first in the county settled by the white race.  The pioneers in this valley were chiefly of German origin, among the earliest of whom we find a large number.  So soon as the Land-Office was opened, in February, 1755, they located large tracts of land, viz.:  In 1755, Baltzer Schellhorn, Michael Brochard, John Pfautz;* in 1762, Andrew Long, in 1768, Leonard Pfautz; in 1772, Frederick Kehl, Henry Altsbach, Martin Waln; in 1774, Michael Wild, Jacob Wild, Jaocb Jobson; in 1775, Mathias Blocker, John Kepler, David Cargill, Peter Hoofnagel, Frederick Harter, John Long, Jacob Nighman (German, Nieman) Zacharias Spangel, and a large number of others who located lands by authority from the Land-Office.  Many others bought lands at the same time at second hand.  Nearly the whole of the German-speaking population in the valley belonged to the Lutheran Church, and they were the first in the county to enjoy the regular preaching of the Gospel and to organize themselves into a congregation.

*His land was "Resurveyed 13th November, 1774, in pursuance of an order from the Secretary's office in part of an original warrant to Thomas Kerton, dated 28th July, 1736, by the direction from the Secretary's office."  Writ of location.  These lands were not bought of the Indians before July, 1754.  How the Provincial Government could issue warrants for land not yet purchased from the Indians, we cannot understand.  Did the Government take advantage of the Indians?  Had the Indians cause for complaint on account of unwarranted aggressions on their lands by the whites?  Had the Indians not been provoked to vengeance?

Soon after the close of the Indian incursions in 1764, they were occasionally visited by the messenger of the Gospel, but for want of documents we cannot give the names of the pioneer missionaries.  Some time between 1770 and 1773 the congregation was regularly organized.  The baptismal record commences in October, 1774, when the 

Rev. Michael Enderlin

was pastor of the congregation, and who served it in the Gospel till April, 1789.  The names of communicants do not appear in the record-book whilst he was pastor, though it is evident from the baptismal record that he administered the Lord's Supper in the congregation and admitted persons to membership by baptism and confirmation.  From this baptismal record we will give the following names and extracts:

"Baptized on the 30th of October, 1774, Mary Schwigerty, aged sixteen years, who was at the same time confirmed; Elizabeth Schwigerty, nineteen years old, baptized and confirmed at the same time; Mary Pfautz, aged seventeen years, was baptized and at the same time confirmed and received into the Christian communion.  On the same day, George, son of George Gran (English, Crane), Mary Margaret, daughter of George Trecksel, and John son of Jacob Kinsch, were baptized.  In November, the same year, Christianna Barbara, daughter of Jacob Kinsch, was baptized."  John Kepler and John Long stood as sponsors for these children.  

Two acres of ground, on part of which the pioneer settlers were buried, was conveyed by deed for the use of the congregation.  As this deed is a document full of interest, by request we give it entire as follows:

"This Indenture, made the fifteenth day of February in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and seventy-six, by and between John Fouts of Greenwood Township in Cumberland County and Province of Pennsylvania of the one part, and John Long and Philip Huber and the whole Lutheran congregation of the township, county, and province aforesaid of the other part:  Witnesseth, that the said John Fouts, for and in consideration of the sum of six pounds lawful money of Pennsylvania to him in hand paid by the said John Fouts doth hereby acknowledge, he the said John Fouts hath granted, bargained, and sold, aliened and confirmed, and by these presents doth grant, bargain, sell, alien, and confirm unto the said John Long and Philip Huber, and for the use of the said Lutheran congregation, their heirs and assigns forever, a certain piece and tract of land in Greenwood Township aforesaid, and situate and joining John Long and William Patterson's lands, and to contain two acres, to be laid out from a certain hickory corner-tree adjoining said Patterson and Long's lands, and to extend eight perches on said Long's line from said hickory corner and forty perches joining Patterson's line westward over a certain run coming out of Patterson's land, and also all trees, roads, underwoods, tithes, commons of common pastures, appurtenances, and whatsoever to the said land belongeth or in anywise appertaining, and also the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, rents and services of the said premises and of every part thereof, and all the estate, right, title, interest, property, claim and demand whatsoever of him the said John Fouts of, in, and to the said piece and tract of land and premises and every part and parcel thereof, to have and to hold the said messuage and tract of land and all and singular the premises above mentioned and every part and parcel thereof with the appurtenances, unto the said John Long and Philip Huber for them and their and the whole congregation's use, their heirs and assigns forever, from all manner of person or persons, claim or claims whatsoever lawfully claiming the same (the Honorable, the Proprietor's rights and dues, both principal, interest and quit-rents only excepted).  In witness whereof the said John Fouts hath hereunto set his hand and seal the day and year first above written.  N.B. John Fouts reserves the liberty to take the water through said two acres of land when convenient for said Fouts.  Done before signing.
"John Pfautz. (Seal).

"Sealed and delivered in the presence of
Michael Wild
John Crane
James Rafter.

"Received, the day and year first within written, the sum of six pounds of the within named John Long and Philip Huber, it being the full consideration-money within mentioned to be paid me.  As witness my hand.
"John Pfautz.

"Witness present:
Michael Wild,
John Crane,
James Rafter."

"Cumberland County, ss.
"Before the subscriber, one of the Justices of the Court of Common Pleas for said County, personally appeared John Pfautz, senior party to the above Indenture, and acknowledged the same as his act and deed, and that he subscribed his respective name and allowed the same should be recorded for the use within mentioned.  Witness my hand and seal, June 13, 1788.
"James McMurray.  (Seal)."

Previous to the time this deed was executed, a large school-house had been erected on this parcel of ground, and here the early settlers worshipped from about 1770 to 1798, when St. Michael's Church was erected.  Before the erection of the school-house, and immediately after the last incursion of the Indians, in 1763, when so many of the settlers were massacred so cruelly, they worshipped in private dwellings at different places in the valley.  At this place, also, the dead in the whole valley were buried.  For fear of a surprise by the relentless Indians, the men in those early days usually walked in file with guns on their shoulders on funeral occasions, and on occasions of divine worship they always assembled well armed to resist the wily foe.  We are informed that a number, who were murdered by the Indians, lie buried in the graveyard of St. Michael's Church.  No graveyard, and no place of regular worship in Perry County, is as old as this, and one that has connected with it so many tales of deep interest.  And the descendants of those pioneer fathers, still residing in Pfoutz's Valley, may well look upon this ancient and hallowed spot with an unusual degree of respect and regard.  For more than one hundred years have the ashes of their fathers slumbered in this venerable graveyard; and here God was worshipped in prayer and hymns of praise, and the word of eternal life was preached, when the savage yell of the cruel Indian sounded on every hill-top and sent terror to every heart.  If we are not misinformed, the ancient hickory tree, mentioned in the deed as the corner of the church-land, was the tree to which some of the pioneer fathers were tied by the Indians and made the target of the deadly arrow.  Here or close by they were buried, and thus the graveyard commenced.  From worshipping God they went to the grave.  Who can forget this and not cherish veneration for this place?  That hickory tree, we are told, still remains.  We say, let it stand.  It has a story of deep interest to tell.

The members of the Church in this valley were at that time supplied with preaching by ministers who resided on the east of the Susquehanna.  They also met often in a private capacity for singing and prayer.

As it may be of interest to many, we sill subjoin the names of the fathers who had children baptized during the last century in Pfoutz's Valley. We give the name of the father only, and only when it first occurs.  

In 1775-
Benjamin Kepler
John Kepler

In 1776-
Sebastian Schad (Shade)
John Philip
John Davis
Martin Hauser
Michael Pfautz
["A slave by the name of Bob or Robert, and his wife, also a slave, were baptized on the 5th of July, 1776 and received as members of the Christian Church"]

In 1777-
Nicholas Fredericks
George Hoffman

In 1778-
Michael Wilt
Jacob Hanning
Robert Patterson
Jacob Seller
George Traxel

In 1779-
Abraham Kepler
John Long
Philip Strauss
Henry Dubbs

In 1780-
Michael Quickel
John Kepner
Andrew Reutlinger
Adam Barner
Frederick Thomas
George Rexworthy

In 1781-
James Crosbare

In 1782-
John Crain (Crane)
Henry Bull
George Leonhard

In 1783-
John Isch

In 1784-
Henry Bacher

In 1785-
John Rafter
Henry Ults (Ulsh)
George Rex
George Crane

In 1786-
Thomas Kurtz

In 1787-
Frederick Reinhard
Henry Dieben
John Shuman

In 1788-
Christopher Kinny
Paul Heim

In 1789-
Jacob Long
Frederick Wendt (now written Wentz)
David Zillich

Besides these names, we also find the following as sponsors:  

In 1774-
Jacob Kepler

In 1776-
Philip Huber
Kraft Gost

In 1777-
George Nagley

In 1778-
Frederick Resch
John Harter

In 1785-
George Wilt
Jacob Wagener
Jacob Long

In 1787-
Christopher Saber or Schaber

In 1788-
Frederick Harter, Esq.

In 1789-
Henry Wagener.

From the 30th of October, 1774 to the 7th of July, 1789, ninety-one baptisms were administered.  The record says:  "All the above-named infants were baptized by Rev. Michael Enderlin, Evangelical Lutheran minister."  After this the name of Rev. Enderlin does not appear in the record, and without doubt he visited the congregation no more.  We have been informed that he resided in Lyken's Valley, Dauphin County, where he served congregations, and also extended his labors to the west of the Susquehanna in Pfautz's Valley, and to perhaps New Buffalo and other places in Sherman's Valley.  The members of the congregation in Pfautz's Valley were comparatively numerous and the prospects were encouraging.  In October, 1789, only a few months after Rev. Enderlin had resigned, the 

Rev. Matthias Guntzel

took the congregation in charge.  The record says he was an Evangelical Lutheran minister, and the last time his name appears in the record is on the 8th of November, 1801.  As above, we will give the names of the fathers only, who are not already named, and had infants baptized:

In 1790-
George Rudy
John Stehle

In 1791-
Christopher Ulsh

In 1792-
Andrew Fogel (now translated into Bird)
Samuel Meyer

In 1793-
Peter Stots

In 1794-
Frederick Wendt (Mr. Wendt's child was baptized, according to the record, "by the Evangelical Lutheran minister, the Rev. John Frederick Hieze.")

There is no record of baptisms from August, 1794, to December, 1797.  In 1797, Samuel Duwall (Dewalt), Frederick Harter, Esq.; in 1798, Jacob Wagener, John Luck or Luke (Mr. Luke's two children, as the record states, "were baptized by the Evangelical Lutheran preacher, the

Rev. Henry Miller

of Harrisburg,") who also baptized an infant here in June, 1800.  In 1799, "the Evangelical Lutheran minister, the

Rev. Ludwig Koch,

baptized two infants."  In the record of burials we find the first recorded read thus:  "On the 31st of January, 1800, was buried in this graveyard, Rev. Ludwig Koch, an Evangelical Lutheran minister, aged thirty-eight years.  The funeral sermon was preached by John Grabil from John 14:6."  In May, 1800, the

Rev. John Herbst

of Carlisle took regular charge of the congregation, though he preached for it occasionally some years before.  It seems from the names of ministers recorded, that there was no order in the administration of baptism so far as regularity of pastor was concerned.  After 1794, and till 1801, Rev. Messrs. Guntzel, Hieze, Miller, Koch, and Herbst, baptized, each of them, some children.  Henry Grubb, Mathias Luchtenteller, Mihal Amholtz, George Riegel, Abraham Orner, Christian Mitchell, Henry Dimm, Peter Traub, William Everly, Christian Spahr; in 1802, Daniel Anthony, John Freyberger.  From October, 1774, to November, 1803, one hundred and forty-seven infants were baptized here.  As the names of the members will hereafter appear in the list of communicants and those received as members by confirmation, we need not give the names of parents who had children baptized.

To 1800, the congregation worshipped in a large school-house erected on the church-land, and private dwellings at different places in the valley.  The need of a church was felt, as the congregation was large and prosperous.  From the record-book we will transcribe the following, relating to the buying of the book and the erecting of St. Michael's Church, so called in memory of Rev. Michael Enderlin or Michael Pfautz:

"This Church Protocal was bought in the year of Christ, Anno Domini, 1797, December the 3d, by the following men or members of Pfautz's Valley congregation, viz.:

Frederick Harter, Esq., Elder of the Lutheran Church
Frederick Wendt, Deacon of the Lutheran Church
Abraham Kuntz
John Long, Sen.
Martin Swartz
George Hoffman, Sen.
George Rudy
John Kepner
Abraham Sypher
Jacob Kauffman
George Hoffman, Jr.
Marks Brinkly.

"On the 19th of March, in the year 1798, the church-edifice was erected, and on the 25th of May, Anno 1800, being Sunday Exaudi, the church was consecrated by the ministerial preachers, the Rev. Johannes Herbst, on the part of the Lutherans, and Rev. George Geistweit, on the part of the Reformed, and received the name St. Michaelis.  Rev. J. Herbst's text was 1 Pet. 2:5, and Rev. G. Geistweit's was Acts 16:25-31.  The hymn, introductory of the divine services, was:  Kommt her ihr Christen voller Freud, Erzehlet Gottes freundlichkeit; Kommt her und lass't erklingen, & c."

This was a log structure, about thirty-five by forty-five feet in size.  The logs and other timbers are said to have been of the best quality.  Inside there were three galleries on three sides; the pulpit was high and supported by a post; and the seats had high and erect backs.  For many years an organ occupied the gallery fronting the pulpit.  This instrument was not played after about 1820; it was all out of tune, and went to ruin.  The old church stood till 1847, when, dilapidated and unfit for use, it was removed and a new one erected on its site.  A large graveyard, known as "The Old Graveyard," is attached to the church-property.  Here the early pioneers and first settlers of the valley buried their dead, and were buried themselves before old St. Michael's was erected, and since then this "God's acre" has been annually receiving the "remains of men" so that it covers at present a large space of ground.

"On the 3d of May, Anno 1801, being Sunday Cantate, for the first time, in St. Michael's Church in Pfautz's Valley, the Lord's Supper was administered, and thirteen catechumens confirmed by Rev. John Herbst of the Lutheran denomination.  The names of the catechumens and communicants are as follows:


John Wendt                                        George Long
Frederick Wendt                                Christiana Swartz
Jonathan Long                                   Susanna Dimm
Michael Wilt, Jr.                                  Elizabeth Miller
John Wagener                                    Mary Wilt
Adam Wilt                                           Susanna Long
John Kepner


Frederick Wendt                                Anna Cath. Spengel
Matthias Swartz, Sen.                        Catharine Long
Barbara Swartz                                  Susanna Lomiller
Martin Swartz                                     Catharine Michael
Charlotta Swartz                                Catharine Wilt, single
Christopher Walter                            Catharine Long, single
Henry Dimm                                       Christiana Kepner, single
Henry Weiant                                     Elizabeth Kepner, single
Andrew Meyer                                   Mary Wagener
Doratha Meyer                                  Christiana Walter
Anna Alts (Ulsh), widow                    ----- Wolf
Catharine Harter                                ----- name not recorded"
Margaret Stotz
Elizabeth Henrich

At this, the first communion in the church, the whole number of communicants was thirty-nine.  Not one of these is now in the land of the living; all have passed away with the rush of time, and now line in eternity, receiving the reward for their doings while on earth.  Several years passed away before the communion was held again.  

In addition to the two acres of land already owned by the congregation, another acre was bought, as shown by the following deed of conveyance:

"This Indenture, made this twenty-second day of March, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and two, between John Long, Sen., of Greenwood Township, Cumberland County, and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, yeoman, of the one part, and Frederick Harter, Esq., Frederick Wendt, and the whole Lutheran congregation of the aforesaid place, of the other part, Witnesseth, that the said John Long, Sen., for and in consideration of the sum of one dollar, lawful money of Pennsylvania, to him, the said John Long, Sen., in hand paid by the said Frederick Harter, Frederick Wendt, and the whole Lutheran congregation, the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged, and himself therewith fully and entirely satisfied, Hath granted, bargained, sold, aliened, released and confirmed, and by these presents Doth grant, bargain, sell, alien, release and confirm unto the said Frederick Harter, Frederick Wendt, and the whole Lutheran congregation, their heirs and assigns, for the use of said congregation forever, a certain tract or piece of land, situate, lying, and being in Pfoutz's Valley, township and county and commonwealth aforesaid, beginning at a post adjoining Philip Hoover's old line and church-ground, bought of John Pfouts, Sen., thence by land of said John Long, Sen., south seventy-six and a half degrees west forty perches and six-tenths of a perch to a post, thence south twenty-three degrees east eight perches to a white oak, thence to the church-ground bough of john Pfouts, Sen., north sixty-five degrees east forty perches to the post and place of beginning, containing one acre, being a part of a larger tract of three hundred and twenty-nine acres more or less, which by virtue of a warrant, bearing date the 3d of February, A.D. 1755, was surveyed unto a certain John Pfouts, Sen., the 17th day of July, 1765, and whereas afterwards by a writ of Venditioni Exponas of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, issued out of the Court of Common Pleas, held at Carlisle, for the County of Cumberland, the 22d day of April, 1785, and directed to Samuel Postlethwaith, then High Sheriff of said county, the said tract of one hundred acres more or less was sold by the said sheriff to a certain Sebastian Shade, the 27th day of May, A.D. 1786, for the consideration of one hundred and thirty-one pounds.  And the said Sebastian Shade by his deed, dated the 21st day of July, 1786, conveyed the said tract mentioned in Sheriff's deed unto the said John Long, Sen., the 29th day of May, 1790, for the consideration of one hundred and fifty pounds.  Now know ye, that I, the said John Long, Sen., for myself, my heirs, executors and administrators, do hereby grant, bargain, sell, assign and set over all my right, title, claim, interest and demand of, in and to the above-mentioned and described tract of land one one acre aforesaid, together with all and singular the buildings and improvements, waters, water-courses, rights, liberties, privileges, hereditaments and appurtenances whatsoever thereunto belonging or in any wise appertaining, and the reversions and remainders, and the rents, issues, and profits thereof, to have an to hold the said described tract of one acre of land and premises hereby granted or mentioned and intended so to be with the appurtenances, to the said Frederick Harter, Esq., Frederick Wendt, and the whole Lutheran congregation, and to their heirs and assigns, and to the only proper use, benefit and behoof of the said Lutheran congregation, their heirs and assigns forever; and the said John Long, Sen., and his heirs, doth hereby covenant, promise and agree to and with the said Frederick Harter, Esq., Frederick Wendt, and the whole Lutheran congregation, their heirs and assigns, that the said John Long, Sen., and his heirs, the said tract of land of one acre with appurtenances hereby granted to the said Lutheran congregation, their heirs and assigns, against himself, the said John Long, Sen., and against his heirs, executors and administrators, and against all manner of persons whatsoever lawfully claiming or to claim the same or any part thereof, by, from or under him, them or any of them, shall and will warrant and forever defend by these presents, the fee of the Commonwealth excepted only.  In witness whereof, I, the said John Long, Sen., to these presents have hereunto set my hand and seal the day and year first within mentioned.  N.B.  The said John Long excepts to take the water out of said acre where it suits him and his heirs.  Done before signing.
"John Long (seal)

"Sealed, signed and delivered in the presence of
Christopher Ulsch,
George Rudy.

"Received, March 22d, 1802, of Frederick Harter, Esq., Frederick Wendt, and the Lutheran congregation, the sum of one dollar, being the full consideration-money mentioned in this Indenture.
"John Long.

George Rudy,
Christopher Ulsh.

"Cumberland County, ss.
"Before me the subscriber, one of the Justices of the Peace in and for said county, personally appeared the within-named John Long, and acknowledged the within instrument of writing to be his act and deed, and desired the same to be recorded as such.  In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and seal, March 22d, 1802.

"Frederick Harter (Seal.)"

Thus the congregation was now in possession of three acres of land.  It seems the design was that the proceeds of the land were to go towards the support of a school-master, who was also to lead singing in the church, and perhaps play the organ.  A school-house stood on the church-land, and a congregational school was for many years sustained here.  The fathers made wise arrangements, and laid a deep and broad foundation; but in after years those arrangements were not carried out and no superstructure was raised on that foundation.

"On the 18th of December, Anno 1803, being Sunday Advents, the Lord's Supper was administered by the Rev. John Herbst."  This time there were thirty-three communicants, namely:

Frederick Wendt                            Jonathan Long, single
Catharine Wendt                            Henry Wagener
Matthias Swartz                             John Kepner
Barbara Swartz                             John Leffember
John Long, the aged                     Mrs. Bragunner
George Weiant                             Christiana Kepner
Martin Michael                              Matthias Grassle
Henry Bragunner                          Anna Mary Grassle
Margaret Landis                           Joseph Frey
Magdalene Wagner, widow        Elizabeth Frey
Anna Meyer                                  Susan Bragunner, daughter
Catharine Long                            Cath. Bragunner, daughter
George Hoffman                          Christian Kepner
Jacob Long                                  Elizabeth Kepner
Elizabeth Long                             Christiana Long
John Kepner                                Magdalene Grassle
Christiana Walter

"On the 25th of March, Anno 1804, being Sunday Palmarun, eighteen catechumens were confirmed, and the Lord's Supper was administered by Rev. John Herbst.


George Wendt                            Barbara Long
Henry Long                                 Margaret Long
Frederick Frey                           Christiana Wagener
Joseph Frey                               Magdalene Wagener
David Rambach                        Anna Galman
Adam Gallman                          Margaret Kepler
David Kepler                             Elizabeth Shuman
Absalom Meyer                        Sarah Ninmand
Elizabeth Machlin                     Mary Klein.

The following members also communed:

Frederick Harter, Esq.            Michael Wilt, Jr.
Margaret Harter                       Henry Weiant
Frederick Wendt                     Catharine Wagener
Catharine Wendt                     Elizabeth Henrich (Henry)
Matthias Swartz                       Margaret Stuetz, widow
Barbara Swartz                       Elizabeth Rambach
Joseph Frey                            Mary Wilt
Elizabeth Frey                         Elizabeth Gallman
Christian Spaar (Spahr)        Catharine Streaer
Mary Spaar                             Anna Meyer
Christopher Kanie (Kinney)   Anna Ulsh, widow
Anna Kinney                            Catharine Roemer."
Martin Swartz

The whole number of communicants at this time was forty-three.  On the same day Rev. Herbst baptized three infants and here his ministerial labors in the congregation closed.  The congregation was then without regular preaching for about one year, except that the 

Rev. Frederick Sanno,

of Carlisle occasionally visited the members and preached for them, and in May, 1805, baptized two infants.  In June of the same year (1805) the

Rev. J. Conrad Walter

of Middleburg, Snyder County, took the congregation in charge and served it for some ten years.  The first time the Rev. Walter administered the Lord's Supper here was "on the 20th of October, Anno 1805, it being Sunday, Trinitatis," when forty-seven members communed.  In the list of communicants at this time, the names of the following persons appear for the first time as members, viz.:

Matthias Blocher
Peter Swartz
Jacob Marcks (Marx, now written March) and his wife Catharine
John Hahn and his wife, Doratha
John Kepler and his wfie
Jacob kepler and his wife
Christian Kepler and his wife Margaret
Matthias Hahn
Magdalene Mickenit
Mary Bricks
Mary Fogel (now Bird)
Anna Roth
Eve Seifer
Barbara Silks
George Hoffman
Hannah Galman
Elizabeth Orner
Elizabeth Machlin

"On the 23d November, Anno 1806, Sunday Trinitatis, Rev. Walter administered the Lord's Supper here."  This time thre were nineteen communicants.  The following names of members appear the first time:  Christopher Walter, Jacob Regel, Elizabeth Vorman.

"On the 28th of June, Anno 1807, the following thirty-eight catechumens were confirmed and the Lord's Supper was administered by Rev. Conrad Walter, it being the 5th Sunday Trinitatis.  

Catechumens who were confirmed:

Benjamin Cran (Crane)                        Rachel Galman
John Cran                                              Catharine Galman
Daniel Anthony                                      Maria Ulsh (baptized)
Jacob Bock (now Buck)                       Elizabeth Roemer
Henry Alts (now written Ulsh)               Catharine Bock (Buck)
Daniel Frey                                            Catharine Schmidt (Smith)
Abraham Frey                                       Barbara Schwartz
John Marx (now March)                        Catharine Marx
John Long                                              Catharine Long
John Strauss                                          Elizabeth Kegel (Cagill)
Andrew Ulsh                                           Catharine Ulsh
Matthias Stollenberger                          Catharine Weiland
Catharine Ulsh (baptized)                    Christiana Grassley
Elizabeth Anthony                                 Eve Grassley
Susanna Ulsh (baptized)                     Maria Hildebrecht
Mary Long                                             Barbara Schuman (Shuman)
Elizabeth Franck                                   Maria Walter
Sarah Cran                                            Christiana Anthony
Juliana Long                                           David Strauss.

"With the above, the following members communed at the same time:

Joseph Frey                                            Elizabeth Shuman
Elizabeth Frey                                        Jacob Long and wife
Henry Bragunner and his wife               Fanny Berner
Henry Frey and his wife                         Elizabeth Henrich (Henry)
Frederick Wendt and wife                     Mary Klein
Christian Spaar (Spahr) and wife        Barbara Long
John Kepner and wife                           Daniel Anthony
John Long, the aged                             Catharine Roemer
Christopher Walter                                Anna Kenny (Kinny)
Peter Swartz and wife                           John Hahn
Jacob Marx and wife                             Doratha Hahn
John Rafter                                            Matthias Hahn
Philip Strauss and wife                        Eve Seifer
John Swartz                                          Charlotta Swartz
Magdalene Stollenberger                   Henry Hildebrecht
Catharine Spengel                              George Carl and wife
Elizabeth Rambach                             Elizabeth Roth
Christina Walter                                   Mrs. Landis."

The whole number of communicants was eighty-four at this time.  The congregation was increasing in membership and was in a flourishing condition.  Of those who then communed but few, if any, are spared by time.  All who then thronged the house of God and engaged in divine worship have passed away.

On the 23d of October, 1808, Rev. Walter administered the Lord's Supper here to forty-eight communicants.  The names of the following persons now first appear in the list of members of the church:  Christian Mitchel and his wife Catharine, Henry Tiedeman, Catharine Shuman, Barbara Silks, Elizabeth Hetterich, Doratha Umholtz.

On the 8th of October, 1809, the Lord's Supper was administered to twenty communicants by Rev. Walter.  Having received license to prach, in June, of this year (1809), the

Rev. George Heim,

under the supervision of Rev. Walter and as his assistant, preached here alternately with Rev. Walter.

"On the 13th of May, 1810, being Sunday Jubilate, or the third Sunday after Easter, the following young persons, whom Rev. George Heim had catechized, were confirmed by Rev. Conrad Walter, and the Lord's Supper was administered to them and the members:

Catechumens confirmed:

Andrew Fogel (Bird)                                    Anna Ulsh of Henry
Frederick Fogel                                           Anna Ulsh of Jacob
John Shuman                                               Magdalene Kepner
David Wendt (Wentz)                                  Mary Rothpautsch
John Mohrhart                                              Catharine Roemer
John Spar (Spahr)                                       Catharine Meyer
Jacob Spar                                                  Elizabeth Marx
Isaac Spar                                                    Elizabeth Carl
Samuel Spar                                               Mary Kuntz
John Kless (Cless)                                     Christiana Kuntz
Susanna Kless                                           Margaret Westphal) (Westfall)

The following also communed:

Henry Bragunner                                        Elizabeth Henrich
Catharine Bragunner                                 Margaret Stotz
Matthias Swartz                                         Mary Fogel
Barbara Swartz                                         Elizabeth Hetterich
John Kepner                                              Cath. Marx
Christiana Kepner                                    Margaret Wilt
Henry Ulsh                                                 Christina Swartz
Anna Ulsh                                                  Elis. Franck (Frank)
Henry Ulsh, Jr. and his wife                    Magdalene Stollenberger
Henry Hildebrecht                                    Cath. Roemer
Mary Hildebrecht                                     Catharine Walter
Christian Mitchel                                      Christiana Kepner
Christiana Mitchel                                   Elis. Roemer
Henry Dimm                                            Susanna Ulsh
Susanna Dimm                                       George Weiant
Frederick Kless                                      Catharine Weiant
Catharine Wendt                                    Mary Detwiler
George Carl and wife                            Catharine Halman
Barbara Silks                                          Adam Wilt
Christopher Walter

On the 2d of June, 1811, the Lord's Supper was administered by Rev. George Heim to twenty-eight communicants.  This time the following names appear the first time in the list:  William Sauer (Sour) and his wife Nancy, Susan Kess, Margaret Reding.  For 1812 and '13, if the Lord's Supper was administered, the names of the communicants were not recorded in the church-book.

On the 2d of October, 1814, the Lord's Supper was dispensed to forty-five communicants by Rev. C. Walter.  In this list of communicants the following names appear for the first time:  George Heilman, Eve Fisher, Elizabeth Schneider, Susan Herman, Margaret Herman, Elizabeth Herman, Catharine Herman, Rachel Heilman, Catharine Heilman, Hannah Heilman.  In June of this year (1814), Rev. George Heim having ceased to preach at this place in connection with Rev. Walter, his brother, the

Rev. John William Heim,

took charge of the congregation and after having held communion on the 2d of October, 1814, Rev. C. Walter also ceased to exercise pastoral care over the congregation.

On the 10th of October, 1815, the Rev J. William Heim administered the Lord's Supper to twenty-nine communicants.  This time the following names first appear in the list of members:  Philip Shrock, John Heim, Jacob Herman, John Heilman, Magdalene Leckron, Elizabeth Stechly.  

On the 2d of June, 1816, twenty catechumens were confirmed and the Lord's Supper was administered by Rev. J.W. Heim.  The whole number of communicants was sixty-eight.  As this is the last list of members on record, we will give the names of all who communed this time, viz.:

Catechumens who were confirmed:

Samuel Hoffman                                        Catharine Shuman
Jacob Marx                                                 Catharine Wilt
Jacob Long                                                Mary Saur (Sour)
John Ulsh                                                    Magdalene Marx
Abraham Wilt                                             Sabina Mitschel
Joseph Meyer                                            Susanna Wagner
George Schneider                                    Elizabeth Long
Fronica Ulsh                                              Elizabeth Ulsh
Catharine Harter                                       Lydia Marx
Elizabeth Frey                                           Barbara Wilt

The following communed with the above catechumens:

John Kepner and wife                                Margaret Wilt
Henry Bragunner                                        Catharine Eberst
Joseph Frey and wife                                Barbara Zwilling
George Weyond                                        Magdalene Leckron
William Saur (Sour) and wife                   Elizabeth Wilt
Jacob Marx                                                Elizabeth Herman
Jacob Marx and wife                                Margaret Wilt
Michael Wilt                                               Margaret Herman
Andrew Fogel                                            Fanny Scholl
Jacob Herman and wife                           Catharine Schrock
Henry Hildebrecht and wife                      Hannah Saur
Barbara Potter                                          Mary Ulsh
Elizabeth Marx                                          Catharine Herman
Jacob Long and wife                                Susanna Herman
John Steiner and wife                              Catharine Hoffman
Henry Frey and wife                                 Catharine Marx
Henry Long and wife                                Christiana Fessler
Elizabeth Schneider                                Magdalene Stollenberger
Margaret Reding.

It is said that Rev. J.W. Heim catechized at St. Michael's about once every three or four years, and that large classes of catechumens were confirmed in 1819, '22, and '25.  In May, 1828, between twenty and twenty five persons were confirmed, of whom the names of the following were furnished us from memory:

Henry Harman                                        Catharine Kleffman
Joel Huggins                                           Elizabeth Kleffman
George Cline                                         Catharine Cline
Peter Boose                                           Catharine Cline
Mr. Schaeffer                                          --- Schaeffer
Catharine Harman                                 Miss Fogel (Bird or Burd)
Hannah Miller.

So far as we can learn anything to the contrary, the above class of catechumens was the last Rev. Heim confirmed here, and since then but few, if any, were added to the membership at St. Michael's Church.

The names of fathers who had infants baptized, but whose names do not appear anywhere else than in the baptismal record, we will now give when they occur first, viz.:

In 1804-
Henry Lehman
Conrad Klein
Peter Wolf

In 1805-
John Bacher, 
Capt. John Jones
Michael Rau (Rowe)

In 1806-
John Baeshor
David Blocher
Leonard Klein
David Rombach

In 1807-
Abraham Orner
Mr. Dewor
Mathias Schwesy
Adam Elmacher
John Huggins
Michael Umholtz
Nicholas Heterick
Charles Frank 

In 1808-
Joseph Egly
Fred. Kless
Jacob Rotpautg

In 1809-
Henry Bar (Bear)
Benj. Bender
Jacob Gesett

In 1810-
Jacob Spahr
Jefferson Gowet
Christian Beasom
John Buchter

In 1811-
Joseph Morris
Mr. Lutz
Abraham Silks

In 1812-
Christian Grubb

In 1814-
Jacob Harman
John Grubb

In 1815-
Philip Evers
Henry Grubb
John Scholl

In 1817-
Robert Kilpatrick

In 1818-
Gabriel Geiger
Abraham Grubb
George Tilman

In 1819-
Adam Heterick
Henry Straub

In 1820-
Samuel Weaver
Peter Straub

In 1824-
Solomon Keiser
Adam Hort
Jacob Esuh
George Seller
Adam Hollman

In 1825-
George Manly
John Gensel
Adam Costeter
John Burd (Fogel, Bird)

In 1826-
Henry Miller
Michael Shetterly

In 1827-
Joseph Pontius

In 1828-
Henry Stoler
Joel Fonestock
Daniel Keim

and by Rev. Erlenmeyer one child, in 1839,--father's name, Augustus Kirchner.  Here ends the baptismal record.

From the record of deaths we will present a few extracts of interest:

On the 31st of January, 1800, Rev. Ludwig Koch, Evangelical Lutheran minister, aged thirty-nine years, was buried in this graveyard.  The funeral sermon was preached by Rev. John Grabil (a Mennonite minister), from John 14:6.

On the 21st October, 1804, there was buried here Jacob Wagener, Sen., otherwise known as Indian Jockel (Indian Jack), a man aged seventy-five years.  Mr. Waggener was noted for his successful conflicts with the Indians.

On the 30th of April, 1807, Dr Christopher Keiner was buried, aged seventy years.  Rev. Walter preached the funeral sermon from Isa. 38:19.

On the 17th of August, 1807, Jonathan Foutz, a son of Michael Foutz, was buried here, aged fifteen years.  He was shot by David Spar, a son of Christian Spar.

On the 26th of April, 1812, Frederick Harter, Esq. (the first elder of St. Michael's Church) was buried here, aged fifty-five years.  Rev. Peter Bieber preached the funeral sermon.  The record of deaths ends in 1820.

"The names of the men who served as Church-Council of the church in Pfautz's Valley, called St. Michael's namedly:

"In the year of Christ 1797, on the 8th of October, Frederick Harter, Esq., as Elder and Frederick Wendt, as Deacon, were elected and installed, and served to June, 8th, 1808.

"On the 8th of June, 1806, Joseph Frey, as Elder and Henry Bragunner, as Deacon, were elected and installed.

"On the 23d of October, 1808, Joseph Frey and Frederick Harter, Esq., as Elders, and Henry Bragunner and Frederick Wendt, as Deacons, were elected and installed as Church-Council.

"On the 25th of December, 1813, Henry Bragunner, as Elder, and Henry Dimm, as Deacon, were elected and installed as Church-Council.

"On the 10th of August, 1817, Joseph Frey, as Elder, and Jonathan Long, were installed as Church-Council.

"In the year 1825, Adam Wilt, Elder, and Daniel Frey, Deacon, were installed as Church-Council.

"In the year 1827, Samuel Keim, Elder and Daniel Frey, Deacon, were elected and installed as the Church-Council."  Here the record of installation of Church-Council ends.

To about 1828 the congregation was large and in a prosperous condition; but soon after this, from various causes, it began to decline.  A number of members moved out of Pfoutz's Valley.  Some located in Turkey Valley, where they afterwards aided in establishing a congregation and building St. James's Church; some settled in Wild Cat Valley and help to form a congregation and erect Christ's Church; and others united in organizing a congregation at Millerstown.  Thus, as but few or none were in the meantime added to the membership at St. Michael's, the congregation was by removals much reduced in strength.  About this time, also, different sects of the wildest stamp found their way into Pfoutz's Valley, and, as their manner is, did their utmost to alienate from the Church all they could, and as Father Heim resided at Loysville, some twenty miles off, and was overwhelmed with constant labors nearer at home, the weight of his influence was not brought to bear down these aggressions from without, and consequently from this cause the congregation sustained a great loss and may not soon recover from its effects. In 1831, Father Heim still served the following congregations, viz., Mifflintown, Tuscarora (near Perryville), Zion's at Blain, Loysville, St. Peter's, Bloomfield, Mount Zion on Fishing Creek, Liverpool, and St. Michael's in Pfoutz's Valley.  How it was possible for Father Heim to serve so many and remote congregations, without in a great measure neglecting some of them, is beyond our ability to understand.  Of course some of them were neglected, or, to say the least, did not receive that attention and pastoral oversight which their interests demanded, and we are sure St. Michael's was one of them, as will appear clearly from the sequel.  This want of pastoral care was a third cause of the rapid decline of the congregation.  Rev. Heim continued to preach occasionally at St. Michael's until October, 1833, when by action of Synod

Rev. C. G. Erlenmeyer

was acknowledged as the regularly constituted pastor of the congregation.  At this time the membership was already very much reduced, and seeing that but little could be accomplished, Rev. Erlenmeyer was inclined, two years afterward, to cease preaching here.  For in October, 1835, the congregation sent a letter to Synod, recommending him as to his Christian walk and soundness in doctrine, and desiring at the same time that he might remain among them as their pastor.  We have no means of knowing what success attended his labors here; but we have reason to believe that he met with but little encouragement, for early in 1836 he dissolved his pastoral relation to the congregation, though he may have preached an occasional sermon for the few remaining members for a few years after.  Hence, in the minutes of Synod, September, 1836, we find the following action in relation to "a petition from St. Michael's Church in Pfoutz's Valley, formerly under the care of Rev. Erlenmeyer"--

"Resolved, That the congregation he recommended to Candidate Boyer of Mifflintown, that he take charge of it, and in case he cannot do so, then to visit it occasionally."  This is the last notice of the congregation we find in the minutes of Synod, until about ten years after.  We do not think Rev. Boyer visited the congregation often or for any length of time.  Need we wonder that the members were scattered as sheep without a shepherd, and that the congregation was reduced to the point of extinction.  For five or six years the house of worship stood unvisited by a minister or by the members.

Rev. Andrew Berg,

who took charge at Liverpool in November, 1842, if we are not misinformed, for about six months visited and occasionally preached for the few scattered members still attached to St. Michael's.  But Rev. Berg resigned in June, 1843, and the members were again without preaching for about four years.  Early in the beginning of 1847, the

Rev. William Weaver

located at Millerstown and took charge of this large and then destitute field.  He found but three members belonging to the congregation at St. Michael's Church.  Thus this congregation, once so large and flourishing, had now dwindled down to the very verge of extinction.  Under the efficient ministry of Rev. Weaver, the few remaining members took courage, and some who had strayed off now returned, and all rallied around the standard of the Cross with new energy.  In order to permanent success, the necessity of a new house of worship was obvious to the pastor, as the old church, neglected and dilapidated, was wholly unfit for use.  Hence, in the first instance, the chief effort of the pastor was put forth to secure a new church-edifice.  In March, 1847, a congregational meeting was held in old St. Michael's Church, when Messrs. David Kepner, Joseph Ulsh, Frederick Reinhard, John Ulsh and George Beaver were appointed the building committee and instructed to solicit subscriptions for the purpose of erecting the proposed new church.  A sufficient amount was subscribed to justify the committee in prosecuting the enterprise.  Messrs. Albright and Sweinford contracted for the carpenter work for six hundred and eighty dollars.  The mason work was not included in this contract.  Mr. George Beaver was appointed treasurer by the building committee.  The old church was taken down and removed, and some time in June, 1847, the corner-stone was laid on the very site of the old church.  The building was pushed rapidly on towards completion, and some time in the fall of the same year was consecrated the new St. Michael's Church, a substantial and well-arranged church-edifice.  The congregation revived and the prospects were truly encouraging.  As no records were made, we cannot say what the strength of the congregation was at this time, nor do we know how many, if any, were admitted to the membership whilst Rev. Weaver was pastor of the congregation.  In the beginning of 1851, Rev. Weaver resigned, having served the congregation about four years.  The members were then again without preaching for more than five years.  During this time, excepting the new church, as much was lost as Rev. Weaver had gained.  No wonder that the members became discouraged.  Some, however, remained steadfast, hoping almost against hope.  On the 1st of October, 1856,

Rev. Josiah Zimmerman,

as a home missionary for this destitute field, located at Millerstown and preached at St. Michael's regularly for one year; but after that, giving up all as almost hopelessly lost, he preached here only occasionally.  On the 1st of April, 1859, he resigned this field of labor and was succeeded in August of the same year by the

Rev. Jacob A. Hackenberger,

who preached here occasionally.  In a letter, dated December, 1860, he says:  "This congregation is at present in a sad condition.  The members are but few; and as the people are generally connected with different denominations and sects with which the Valley abounds, there is but a faint hope that the congregation will soon, if ever, regain what it lost in membership.  It was once a flourishing congregation; but it gave being to the congregation in Wild Cat Valley and the one in Turkey Valley.  These two migrations so weakened St. Michael's congregation that I fear it can not be restored for some time and without much labor.  It has, however, still an existence.  None have been added to the membership for many years.  I can find no congregational Constitution."  The congregation had a Constitution, but we regret, that notwithstanding the many efforts made to find it, it has not yet been brought to light.  In August, 1861, Rev. Hackenberger resigned, and then the

Rev. William O. Wilson,

who had located at Millerstown in July previous, preached at St. Michael's about eight months, but without much encouragement.  Some preaching in the German language is required by the members; but as he could not supply them in that language, and also because the congregation belongs properly to the Liverpool charge, he resigned it in March, 1862, and on the 1st of April following, the

Rev. John H. Davidson,

having taken charge of the Liverpool pastorate, commenced his ministerial labors here.  The present energetic pastor can so well supply the members by preaching in both languages, and though the congregation is weak now, may we not cherish the pleasing hope that by perseverance and God's blessing on the faithful preaching of the word, St. Michael's congregation will at no distant day revive, and rise, and shine in all its pristine glory!

"Savior, visit thy plantation,
Grant us, Lord, a gracious rain!
All will come to desolation,
Unless thou return again:
Lord, revive us,
All our help must come from thee!"

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